The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • CABI, 2016. Gaultheria shallon (salal).[original text by Yueh-Hsin Lo]. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Accessed: May 17, 2016.
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • Flora of North America, Vol. 8. 2016. Gaultheria shallon (salal). Accessed: May 16, 2016.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Klinkenberg, Brian, ed. 2015. Gaultheria shallon (salal). E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia []. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Accessed: May 18, 2016.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • NPIN. 2011. Gaultheria shallon (salal). Native Plant Information Network, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed May 16, 2016.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pojar, Jim and Andy MacKinnon. 2004. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast, rev. ed. Vancouver: B.C. Ministry of Forests and Lone Pine Publishing.
  • Tirmenstein, D. 1990. Gaultheria shallon. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: Accessed: May 16, 2016.


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