The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
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  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
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  • Jepson Manual
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.

    1. Bullen, S., and R. E. Wood. 1979. Fomes annosus on  Pacific madrone. Plant Disease Reporter 63(10):844.


    2. Chaney, Ralph W. 1925. II. The Mascall  Flora-its distribution and climatic relation. Carnegie  Institution of Washington, Publication 349. Washington, DC. p.  25-48.


    3. Del Moral, Roger, and Rex G. Cates. 1971.  Allelopathic potential of the dominant vegetation of western  Washington. Ecology 52:1030-1037.


    4. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of  the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.


    5. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977.  Western forest insects. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington, DC. 654 p.


    6. Gratkowski, H. 1961. Brush problems in  southwest Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest  and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 53 p.


    7. Harrington, Timothy B., John C. Tappeiner II,  and John D. Walstad. 1984. Predicting leaf area and biomass of 1-  to 6-year-old tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus) and  Pacific madrone (Arbutus menziesii) sprout clumps in  southwestern Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14:  209-213.


    8. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and  shade trees of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.


    9. Hughes, Thomas F., John C. Tappeiner 11, and  Michael Newton. 1989. Development of a young Pacific  madrone-Douglas-fir stand in southwest Oregon. In Press.


    10. Kosta, Kathleen L. 1989. Personal  communication. California Department of Food and Agriculture,  Analysis and Identification Unit, Sacramento, CA.


    11. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1976. Atlas of United  States trees. vol. 3. Minor western hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1314. Washington, DC. 13  p., 290 maps.


    12. McDonald, Philip M. 1978. Silviculture-ecology  of three native California hardwoods on high sites in  north-central California. Thesis (Ph.D.), Oregon State  University, Department of Forest Science, Corvallis. 309 p.


    13. McDonald, Philip M. 1980. Growth of thinned  and unthinned hardwood stands in the northern Sierra Nevada . . .  preliminary findings. In Proceedings, Symposium on the  Ecology, Management, and Utilization of California Oaks, June  26-28, 1979, Claremont, California. p. 119-127. USDA Forest  Service, General Technical Report PSW-44. Pacific Southwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.


    14. McDonald, Philip M., Don Minore, and Tom  Atzet. 1983. Southwestern Oregon-Northern California hardwoods.  In Silvicultural systems for the major forest types of  the United States. p. 29-32. Russell M. Burns, tech. comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 445. Washington,  DC.


    15. Minore, Don. 1979. Comparative autecological  characteristics of northwestern tree species: a literature  review. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PNW-87.  Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland,  OR. 72 p.


    16. Minore, Don. 1986. Effects of madrone,  chinkapin, and tanoak sprouts on light intensity, soil moisture,  and soil temperature. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16:  654-658.


    17. Minore, Don. 1987. Madrone duff and the  natural regeneration of Douglas-fir. USDA Forest Service,  Research Note PNW-456. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 7 p.


    18. Overholser, James L. 1977. Oregon hardwood  sawtimber. Forestry Research Laboratory Research Bulletin 16.  Oregon State University, Corvallis.
      43 p.


    19. Pardo, Richard. 1978. National register of big trees. American  Forests 84(4):17-47.


    20. Pelton, John. 1962. Factors influencing  survival and growth of a seedling population of Arbutus  menziesii in California. Madroño 16:237-276.


    21. Raphael, Martin G. 1987. Use of Pacific  madrone by cavity-nesting birds. In Proceedings,  Symposium on Multiple-Use Management of California's Hardwood  Resources, November 12-14, 1986, San Luis Obispo, California. p.  198-202. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-100.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley,  CA.


    22. Roy, D. F. 1955. Hardwood sprout measurements  in northwestern California. USDA Forest Service, Research Note  95. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley. 6  p.


    23. Roy, Douglass F. 1974. Arbutus menziesii  Pursh, Pacific madrone. In Seeds of woody plants in  the United States. p. 226-227. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450.  Washington, DC.


    24. Sawyer, John 0., Dale A. Thornburgh, and James  R. Griffin. 1977. Mixed evergreen forest. In Terrestrial  vegetation of California. p. 359-381. Michael G. Barbour and Jack  Major, eds. John Wiley and Sons, New York.


    25. Smith, Walton A. 1968. The band-tailed pigeon in California.  California Fish and Game 54(l):4-16.


    26. Smith, W. P. 1985. Plant associations within  the interior valleys of the Umpqua River Basin, Oregon. Journal  of Range Management 38(6):526-530.


    27. Sudworth, George B. 1908. Forest trees of the Pacific slope.  USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC. 441 p.


    28. Tappeiner, John C. II, Timothy B. Harrington,  and John D. Walstad. 1984. Predicting recovery of tanoak (Lithocarpus  densiflorus) and Pacific madrone (Arbutus menziesii) after  cutting or burning. Weed Science 32: 413-417.


    29. Tappeiner, John C. II, Philip M. McDonald, and  Thomas F. Hughes. 1986. Survival of tanoak (Lithocarpus  densiflorus) and Pacific madrone (Arbutus menziesii) seedlings  in forests of southwestern Oregon. New Forests 1:43-55.


    30. Tarrant, Robert F. 1958. Silvical  characteristics of Pacific madrone. USDA Forest Service, Silvical  Series 6. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Portland, OR. 10 p.


    31. Tinnin, Robert 0., and Lee Ann Kirkpatrick.  1985. The allelopathic influence of broadleaf trees and shrubs on  seedlings of Douglas-fir. Forest Science 31(4): 945-952.


    32. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1968. The Hoopa  Valley Reservation hardwood study report. Economic Development  Administration, Technical Assistance Project, Contract 7-35519.  Washington, DC. 154 p.



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