The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


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  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
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  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Sapindaceae of North America Update
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Boivin, B. 1966. Les variations d'Acer negundo au  Canada. Le Naturaliste Canadien 93:959-962.
    5. Cram, W. H. 1983. Maturity and viability of boxelder maple  seeds. Tree Planters' Notes 34(2):36-37.
    7. Cram, W.H., and H. A. Worden. 1979. Maturity of maple and  ash seed. Tree Planters' Notes 30(4):17-19.
    9. Demos, E. K., P. Peterson, and G. J. Williams 111.1973.  Frost tolerance among populations of Acer negundo L.  American Midland Naturalist 89:223-228.
    11. Demos, E. K., T. W. Wrenn, and G. J. Williams 111.1975.  Further evidence of photoperiod ecotypes in Acer negundo  L. (Aceraceae). Southwestern Naturalist 19:395-402. 
    13. Dirr, M. A., and C. W. Heuser, Jr. 1987. The reference  manual of woody plant propagation: from seed to tissue  culture. Varsity Press, Athens, GA. 239 p.
    15. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    17. Gibbons, Euell. 1962. Stalking the wild asparagus. David  McKay Co., New York. 303 p.
    19. Greco, A. M., J. E. Winstead, and F. R. Toman. 1980.  Chlorophyll levels as ecotypic characters in boxelder  seedlings. p.144-146. In Forty-first Transactions of  Kentucky Academy of Science.
    21. Green, G. H. 1934. Trees of North America, vol.11 - The  broadleaves. Edwards Bros., Ann Arbor, MI. 344 p.
    23. Hall, B. A. 1954. Variability in the floral anatomy of Acer  negundo. American Journal of Botany 41:529-532.
    25. Harlow, William M., Ellwood C. Harrar, and Fred M. White  1979. Textbook of dendrology. 6th ed. McGraw-Hill, New York.  510 p.
    27. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 685 p.
    29. Hosner, John F. 1960. Relative tolerance to complete  inundation of fourteen bottomland tree species. Forest  Science 6:246-251.
    31. Hosner, John F., and L. S. Minckler. 1960. Hardwood  reproduction in the river bottoms of southern Illinois.  Forest Science 6:67-77.
    33. Li, Hui-Lin. 1960. The cultivated maples. Morris Arboretum  Bulletin 11:41-47.
    35. Maeglin, R. R., and L. F. Ohmann. 1973. Boxelder (Acer  negundo): a review and commentary. Bulletin of the  Torrey Botanical Club 100:357-363.
    37. Martin, A. C., A. S. Zim, and A. L. Nelson. 1951. American  wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover,  New York. 500 p.
    39. Phipps, H. M. 1964. Leaf blight of boxelder attributed to  2,4-D spray drift. USDA Forest Service, Research Note LS-49.  Lake States Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 2 p
    41. Plowman, A. B. 1915. Is the boxelder a maple? Botanical  Gazette 60:169-192.
    43. Rehder, Alfred. 1940. A manual of cultivated trees and  shrubs. MacMillan, New York. 995 p.
    45. Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1965. Manual of the trees of North  America (exclusive of Mexico). vol.2, 2d ed. Dover, New  York. 934 p.
    47. Schlaegel, B. E. 1982. Boxelder (Acer negundo L.)  biomass component regression analysis for the Mississippi  Delta. Forest Science 28:355-358.
    49. Scholten, H. 1963. Average height and diameter for some  Minnesota farmstead windbreak species. Minnesota Forestry  Notes 129. University of Minnesota, School of Forestry, St.  Paul, MN. 2 p.
    51. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants  in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    53. Vaartaja, 0. 1959. Evidence of photoperiodic ecotypes in  trees. Ecological Monographs 29:91-111.
    55. Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. 1104p.
    57. Williams, H. D., Jr., and J. E. Winstead. 1972. Population  variations in seed germination and stratification of Acer  negundo L. p. 43-48. In Thirty-third  Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science.
    59. Williams, R. D., Jr., and J. W. Winstead. 1972. Populational  variation in weights and analysis of caloric content in  fruit of Acer negundo L. Castanea 37:125-130.
    61. Winstead, J. E. 1978. Tracheid length as an ecotypic  character in Acer negundo L. American Journal of  Botany 65:811-812.
    63. Zolotov, H. N. 1958. [Revegetation of eroded gullies by  natural seeding from maple (in adjacent plantations).]  Lesnoe Khoziaistvo 11:68-79. [Original not seen. Abstract in  Forestry Abstracts 20(3146).]



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