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Overview

Brief Summary

There is something mysterious about cranberries. People have their secret places where they pick this sour berry and they don't readily tell others. The cranberry is especially known from Terschelling; however it also grows in the dunes on other Wadden Islands, and occasionally along the shores of the mainland. When it was discovered in the 19th century, botanists thought that it was a resurrection of an indigenous heath species. But in reality it is native to eastern North America. Cranberries grow is nutrient-poor damp (dune) slacks and peat grounds. Although Terschelling is famous for its cranberry pie, jam and syrup, most berries are presently harvested on Vlieland.
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Native in northeastern North America from Newfoundland to southern Ontario and central Minnesota south to northern Illinois, northern Ohio, and central Indiana, and in the Appalachian mountains and along the coastal plain south to North Carolina (Vander Kloet 1988, Kartesz 1999, Weakley 2000). Occasionally escaped from cultivation in British Columbia, Washington, and northern California (Hitchcock and Cronquist 1974, Hickman 1997, Douglas et al. 1999). Also adventive along the eastern shore of Maryland (Vander Kloet 1988). Cultivated extensively in Massachusetts, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Washington, and Oregon (Vander Kloet 1988). Introduced in Europe and thrives as an escape in Britain, Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands (Vander Kloet 1988).

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Ecology

Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Large Cranberry in Illinois

Vaccinium macrocarpon (Large Cranberry)
(bees suck nectar or collect pollen, while the Syrphid fly probably feeds on stray pollen; observations are from Reader and Cane & Schiffhauser)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp fq (Rd, CS); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus spp. sn cp fq (Rd), Bombus affinis sn (CS), Bombus bimaculatus fq (Rd), Bombus griseocallis (Rd), Bombus impatiens (Rd), Bombus terricola fq (Rd), Bombus vagans fq (Rd), Psithyrus sp. sn (Rd); Megachilidae (Megachilinae): Megachile addenda sn (CS)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis sp. fq (Rd), Lasioglossum spp. cp fq (Rd); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena spp. (Rd), Andrena vicina (Rd)

Flies
Syrphidae: Unidentified sp. fsp (Rd)

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Foodplant / gall
Dasineura oxycoccana causes gall of Vaccinium macrocarpon

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Vaccinium macrocarpon

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Vaccinium macrocarpon

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

Reasons: Fairly widespread as a native plant in northeastern North America (Kartesz 1999). Found in acidic soils and peatlands including bogs, fens, swamps, and interdunal swales (Vander Kloet 1988, Weakley 2000). Occasional in the main portion of its range (Haines and Vining 1988, Rhoads and Block 2000). Rare in the southern portion of its range along the Appalachians and the Southeastern coastal plain (Weakley 2000).

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Threats

Comments: Vaccinium macrocarpon occurs in very sensitive habitats, making it especially vulnerable to land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation, particularly the conversion of wetlands and bogs; bog succession in the southern Appalachians is a low-level threat (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

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Management

These species are introduced in Switzerland.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Economic Uses

Uses: MEDICINE/DRUG

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Wikipedia

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Vaccinium macrocarpon (also called large cranberry, American cranberry and bearberry) is a cranberry of the subgenus Oxycoccus and genus Vaccinium. It is native to North America (eastern Canada, and eastern United States, south to North Carolina at high altitudes). Vaccinium macrocarpon is the major source of cultivated cranberries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) Synonyms". The Natural Standard Research Collaboration. MayoClinic. 
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