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| Common names: pargo (English), snapper (English), pargo (Espanol) |
Hoplopagrus guentherii Gill, 1862
Barred pargo, Mexican barred snapper
Body deep, moderately compressed; front nostril long, tubular, points down; rear nostril in a relatively long deep groove before eye; preopercle serrated, with a notch above lower corner; molar-like teeth on sides of jaws and on front of roof of mouth; tongue without teeth; lower gill rakers (including rudiments) 11-15; dorsal rays X, 14, notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal rays III, 9; pectoral rays 16 or 17; scales medium size, about 45-49 in lateral line; bases of soft dorsal and anal scaly; scale rows on upper back parallel to lateral line.
Head and back dark brown, sides with about 6 double brown bars, and belly often reddish; juveniles have closely paired bars on the side and possess a blackish spot at the base of the posteriormost dorsal rays.
Size: grows to a maximum length of about 92 cm.
Habitat: a nocturnal predator of crustaceans and small fishes, it shelters on rocky reefs during the day.
Depth: common in 3-10 m, but ranges to at least 50 m.
Southern Baja to the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Revillagigedos, the Galapagos, Mapelo and Cocos.