The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
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  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2005. eFloras: Flora of China
  • 2011. Proteales of North America Update
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Isolectotype: Fernald, M. L. 1901. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 36: 493.; Nixon, K. C. & Poole, J. M. 2003. Lundellia. 6: 135.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Nelson, C. H. 2008. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Honduras 1–1576.
  • Nixon, K. C. & J. M. Poole. 2003. Revision of the Mexican and Guatemalan species of Platanus (Platanaceae). Lundellia 6: 103–137.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Species Plantarum 2: 999. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Syntype: Fernald, M. L. 1901. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 36: 493.; Nixon, K. C. & Poole, J. M. 2003. Lundellia. 6: 135.
    1. Baker, J. B. 1978. Nutrient drain associated with hardwood  plantation culture. In Proceedings, Second Symposium  on Southeastern Hardwoods, p. 48-53. USDA Forest Service,  Southeastern Area State and Private Forestry, Atlanta, GA, 
    3. Belanger, R. P. 1973. Volume and weight tables for  plantation -grown sycamore. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper SE-107. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station,  Asheville, NC. 8 p.
    5. Bonner, F. T., and J. L. Gammage. 1967. Comparison of  germination and viability tests for southern hardwood seed.  Tree Planters'Notes 18:21-23.
    7. Cannell, M. G. R., and R. 1. Smith. 1980. Yields of  minirotation closely spaced hardwoods in temperate regions:  review and appraisal. Forest Science 26:415-428.
    9. Cooper, D. T., T. H. Filer, Jr., and 0. 0. Wells. 1977.  Geographic variation in disease susceptibility of American  sycamore. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 1(4):21-24. 
    11. Dutrow, G. F. 1971. Economic implications of silage  sycamore. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper SO-66.  Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 9 p. 
    13. Eyre, F. H., ed~ 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    15. Ferguson, R. B., S. B. Land, Jr., and D. T. Cooper. 1977.  Inheritance of growth and crown characteristics in American  sycamore. Silvae Genetica 26(5-6):180-182.
    17. Filer, T. H., Jr., D. T. Cooper, R. J. Collins, and R.  Wolfe. 1975. Survey of sycamore plantation for  canker, leaf scorch, and dieback. Plant Disease Reporter  59:152-153.
    19. Hare, R. C. 1976. Girdling and applying chemicals promote  rapid rooting of sycamore cuttings. USDA Forest Service,  Research Note SO-202. Southern Forest Experiment Station,  New Orleans, LA.
    21. Howlett, K., and A. Gamache. 1977. Silvicultural biomass  farms. Mitre Technical Report 7347. 136 p. Available from  National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA.
    23. Hsiao, J. Y., and H. L. Li. 1975. A study of the leaf  chromatograms of the London plane and its putative parent  species. American Midland Naturalist 93:234-239.
    25. Jett, J. B., and R. J. Weir. 1975. Genetic gain from  selection at five years in an open-pollinated sycamore  progeny test. In Proceedings, IUFRO Working Party on  Progeny Testing. p. 4. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern  Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.
    27. Kormanik, P. 0., G. L. Tyre, and R. P. Belanger. 1973. A  case history of two short-rotation coppice plantations of  sycamore on southern piedmont bottom lands. In IUFRO  Biomass Studies. p. 351-360. H. E. Young, ed. University of  Maine, College of Life Sciences and Agriculture, Orono.
    29. Lewis, R., Jr., and E. P. Van Arsdel. 1975. Disease complex  in Texas A&M University campus sycamores. (Abstract  S-31.) p. 137. In Second Proceedings, American  Phytopathological Society.
    31. Lewis, R., Jr., and E. P. Van Arsdel. 1978. Vulnerability of  water-stressed sycamores to strains of Botryodiplodia  theobromae. Plant Disease Reporter 62(l):62-63.
    33. Lewis, R., Jr., and E. P. Van Arsdel. 1978. Development of  Botryodiplodia cankers in sycamore at controlled  temperatures. Plant Disease Reporter 62(2):125-126.
    35. McAlpine, Robert G., and Milton Applefield. 1973. American  sycamore ... an American wood. USDA Forest Service, FS-267.  Washington, DC. 7 p.
    37. McCracken, F. L, and E. C. Burkhardt. 1977. Destruction of  sycamore by canker stain in the Midsouth. Plant Disease  Reporter 61(11):984-986.
    39. Malac, B. F., and R. D. Heeren. 1979. Hardwood plantation  management. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 3(l):3-6.
    41. Merz, Robert W. 1965. American sycamore (Platanus  occidentalis L.) In Silvics of forest trees of  the United States. p. 489-495. H. A. Fowells, comp.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    43. Ricketts, S. T. 1975. Sycamore decline in the southwestern  Illinois. Thesis (M.S.), University of Illinois,  Urbana-Champaign. 56 p.
    45. Roeder, K. R. 1987. Sycamore coppice response to harvest  season: 7-year trends. In Proceedings, Fourth  Biennial Southern Silvicultural Re Conference, Atlanta,  GA. November 1986, p. 140-146. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report SE-42. Southeastern Forest Experiment  Station, Asheville, NC.
    47. Schmitt, D. M., and C. D. Webb. 1971. Georgia sycamore seed  sources in Mississippi plantings. In Proceedings,  Eleventh Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference, June  1971, Atlanta, GA. Southern Forest Tree Improvement  Committee Sponsored Publication 33. p. 113-119.  Eastern Tree Seed Laboratory, Macon, GA.
    49. Smith, H. D. 1973. Decision making under uncertainty: should  hardwood plantations be established? School of Forest  Resources Technical Report 49. North Carolina State  University, Raleigh, NC. 62 p.
    51. Smith, H. D., W. L. Hafley, D. L. Holley, and R. C.  Kellison. 1975. Yields of mixed hardwood stands occurring  naturally on a variety of sites in the Southern United  States. School of Forest Resources Technical Report 55.  North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. 32 p.
    53. Steinbeck, K., R. G. McAlpine, and J. T. May. 1972. Short  rotation culture of sycamore: a status report. Journal of  Forestry 70(4):210-213.
    55. Steinbeck, K., R. G. Miller, and J. C. Fortsen. 1974.  Nutrient levels in American sycamore coppice during the  dormant season. Georgia Forest Research Council, Athens. 4  p.
    57. Toliver, J. R., and S. G. Dicke. 1987. Patterns of genetic  variation among ten-year-old open-pollinated mid-south seed  sources of American sycamore. In Proceedings,  Nineteenth Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference,  College Station, Texas, June 1987, p. 349-356. Texas  Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, TX.
    59. Wells, D. W. 1979. Industry's outlook on future extensive  hardwood culture in the south. Unpublished report. Westvaco  Corp., Wickliffe, KY. 5 p.
    61. Wells, 0. 0., and J. R. Toliver. 1987. Geographic  variation in sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.) Silvae  Genetica 36(3-4): 154-159.
    63. Wood, B. W., R. F. Wittwer, and S. B. Carpenter. 1977.  Nutrient element accumulation and distribution in an  intensively cultured American sycamore plantation. Plant and  Soil 48(2):417-433.


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