The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Finn, J. (2016). Gonatus kamtschaticus (Middendorf, 1849). In: MolluscaBase (2016). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Jorgensen, E. M. 2007. Identification, distribution and relative abundance of paralarval gonatid squids (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida: Gonatidae)from the Gulf of Alaska, 2001-2003. Journ. Molluscan Studies, 73: 155-165.
  • Kubodera, T. and T. Okutani. 1981. Gonatus middendorffi, a new species of gonatid squid from the northern North Pacific, with notes on morphological changes with growth and distribution in immature stages (Cephalopoda, Oegopsida). Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Ser. A, 7: 7-27.
  • Kubodera, T. and T. Okutani. 1981. The systematics and identification of larval cephalopods from the northern North Pacific. Reserach Institute of North Pacific Fisheries, Special Volume: 131-159.
  • Middendorff, A. T. 1849. Beitrage zu einer Malacozoologica Rossica. II-III. Aufzahlung und Beschreibung der zur Meeresfauna Russlands gehorigen Einschaler. Memoires de l'Academie imperiale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg, (series 6) 6. 329-610
  • Nesis, K. N. 1987. Cephalopods of the World: Squids, Cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. 351
  • Nesis, K. N. 1997. Gonatid squids in the subarctic North Pacific: ecology, biogeography, niche diversity and rolein the ecosystem. Advance In Marine Biology, 32: 243-324.
  • Okutani, T., T. Kubodera and K. Jefferts. 1983. Diversity, distribution and ecology of gonatid squids in the subarctic Pacific: A review. Bull. Ocean Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, No. 26 (1):150-192.
  • Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599
  • van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).


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