The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ludwig, H. 1899. Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563.
  • Paulay G. (2015). WoRMS Holothuroidea: World List of Holothuroidea (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Paulay, G. (2015). Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139.


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