The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
  • Kozloff, Eugene N. 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. 511
  • Larrain A. 1995. Biodiversidad de equinodermos chilenos: estado actual del conocimiento y sinopsis biosistemática. Gayana Zool. (Chile) 59: 73-96.
  • Mallefet, J. 2009. Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow? Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays. Meyer-Rochow, V.B. (ed.), Rsearch Singpost, Trivandrum, India, 1-17.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
  • Stöhr S., O’Hara T. & Thuy B. (Eds) (2015). WoRMS Ophiuroidea: World Ophiuroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Stöhr, S. (2015). Ophiomusium lymani Thomson, 1873. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2015) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Thomson, C.W. (1873). The Depths of the Sea. (Macmillan and Co.: London): 1-527. External link.


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