The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Atkins, D. & Rudwick, M.J.S., (1962). The lophophore and ciliary feeding mechanisms of the brachiopod Crania anomala (Müller). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42, 469-480. External link.
  • Brunton, C.H.C. & Curry, G.B., (1979). British Brachiopods. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 17.] External link.
  • Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06. External link.
  • Emig C.C. Alvarez F. Bitner M.A. (Ed) . (2015). WoRMS Brachiopoda: World Brachiopoda database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Emig, C. (2015). Novocrania anomala (Müller, 1776). In: Emig, C.C.; Alvarez F.; Bitner M.A. (Ed) (2015). World Brachiopoda database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Emig, Christian. 2006. Systematics of extant brachiopod taxa.
  • Harper, D.A.T., (1991). The brachiopods Neocrania and Terebratulina from Galway Bay. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 23, 371-376. External link.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • James, M.A., Ansell, A.D., Collins, M.J., Curry, G.B., Peck, L.S. & Rhoda, M.C., (1992). Biology of living brachiopods. Advances in Marine Biology, 28, 175-387. External link.
  • Long, J.A. & Stricker, S.A., (1991). Brachiopoda. In Reproduction of marine invertebrates, Vol. VI. Echinoderms and Lophophorates. (ed. A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse & V.B. Pearse). California: The Boxwood Press. External link.
  • Müller O.F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis, xxii + 274 pp.
  • Rowell, A.J., (1960). Some early stages in the development of the brachiopod Crania anomala (Müller). Annals and Magazine of the Natural History Society, 13th Series, 3, 35-52. External link.
  • Rudwick, M.J.S., (1970). Living and fossil brachiopods. London: Hutchinson University Library External link.
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.


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