Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

EOL hotlist Scratchpad

Name Relationship
Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Echinometra michelini L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 Synonym
Ellipsechinus subangularis (A. Agassiz, 1872-74)
Heliocidaris castelnaudi Hupé, 1858
Ellipsechinus lobatus (Blainville, 1825)
Heliocidaris mexicana L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846
Echinometra lobatus (Blainville, 1825)
Echinometra subangularis A. Agassiz, 1872-74
Cidaris fenestrata Leske, 1778
Cidaris lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)
Echinometra acufera Mellis, 1875
Toxocidaris mexicana (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)
Ellipsechinus lukunter (Linnaeus, 1758)
Echinus lucunter Linnaeus, 1758
Echinus lobatus Blainville, 1825
Echinometra nigrina Girard, 1850
Echinus maugei Blainville, 1825


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