The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barrois, J., 1877. Recherches sur l'embryologie des Bryozoaires. Travaux de l'Inst. Zool. de Lille et de la Station Maritime de Wimereux. Monograph.
  • Bobg, F., 1926. Studies on recent cyclostomatous Bryozoa. Zool. Bidrag Fran Uppsala, 10: 181-504.
  • Bock P. Gordon D. (2015). WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • De_blauwe, H. (2009). Mosdiertjes van de Zuidelijke Bocht van de Noordzee: Determinatiewerk voor België en Nederland. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee, Oostende. 464.
  • Gordon, D.; Hayward, P. (2016). Crisia eburnea (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2016). World List of Bryozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Harmer, S. F., 1893. On the occurrence of embryonic fission in cyclostomatous Polyzoa. Quart. J. Micr. Sci., 34: 199-241.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Robertson, A., 1903. Embryology and embryonic fission in the genus Crisia. Univ. Calif. Pub. Zool., 1: 115-156.
  • Rogick, M. D., and H. Croasdale, 1949. Studies on marine bryozoa, Iii. Woods Hole region bryozoa associated with algae. Biol. Bull., 96: 32-69.
  • Sit-En, L., 1944. The anatomy of Labiostomella Gisleni . . . with special regard to the embryo chambers of the different groups of Bryozoa and to the origin and development of the bryozoan zoarium. Kungl. Svensak Vetensk. Handlingar, Tredje ser., 21: no. 6, pp. 3-111.


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