The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bock P. Gordon D. (2015). WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., (1963). Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. External link.
  • Corrêa, D., 1948. A embriologia de Bugula flabellata. Universidade de Sao Paulo Boll a. Fact Fill, Ciên., e Let., Zool., 13: 7-73.
  • Grave, B. H., 1930. The natural history of Bugula flabellata at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, including the behavior and attachment of the larva. J. Morph., 49: 355-383.
  • Grave, B. H., 1937. Bugula flabellata and B. turrita. In: Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals, edit. by Galtsoff et al., Comstock, Ithaca, pp. 178-179.
  • Hasper, M., 1912. On a method of rearing larvae of Polyzoa. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 9: 435-436.
  • Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C., (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S., (1998). Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)] External link.
  • Hincks, T., (1880). A history of British marine Polyzoa, vol. I & II. London: John van Voorst. External link.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line], External link.
  • Lynch, W. F., 1947. The behavior and metamorphosis of the larva of Bugula neritina (Linnaeus): Experimental modification of the length of the free-swimming period and the responses of the larvae to light and gravity. Biol. Bull., 92: 115-150.
  • Lynch, W. F., 1952. Factors influencing metamorphosis of Bugula larvae. Biol. Bull., 103: 369-383.
  • Lynch, W. F., 1955. Synergism and antagonism in the induction of metamorphosis of Bugula larvae by neutral red dye. Biol. Bull., 109: 82-98.
  • Mawatari, S., 1951. The natural history of a common fouling bryozoan Bugula neritina (L.). Misc. Reps. Res. Inst. Natural Resources, Nos. 19-21, Keita Shibata Memorial Numbers, Feb., 1951, pp. 47-54.
  • Mcdougall, K. D., 1943. Sessile marine invertebrates of Beaufort, North Carolina. A study of settlement, growth, and seasonal fluctuations among pile-dwelling organisms. Ecol. Monog., 13: 321-374.
  • Miller, M. A., 1946. Toxic effects of copper on attachment and growth of Bugula neritina. Biol. Bull., 90: 122-140.
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway., 2008-10-31 00:00:00 External link.
  • Vigelius, W. J., 1886. Zur Ontogenie der mariner Bryozoen. Mitt. Zool. Stat., Neapel, 6: 499-541.
  • Vigelius, W. J., 1888. Zur Ontogenie der mariner Bryozoen. Mitt. Zool. Stat., Neapel, 8: 374-376.


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