The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bargues, M.D., Marcilla, A., Ramsey, J.M., Dujardin, J.P., Schofield, C.J. and Mas-Coma, S. 2000. Nuclear rDNA-based molecular clock of the evolution of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), vectors of Chagas disease. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 95:567–573.
  • Davis, N.T. 1961. Morphology and phylogeny of the Reduvioidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Part II. Wing venation. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 54:340–354.
  • Davis, N.T. 1969.Contribution to the morphology and phylogeny of the Reduvoidea. Part 4. The harpactoroid complex. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 62:74–94.
  • Davis, N.T. 1966. Contributions to the morphology and phylogeny of the Reduvioidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Part III. The male and female genitalia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 59:911–924.
  • Dougherty, V. 1995. A review of the New World Ectrichodiinae genera (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 121:173–225.
  • Froeschner, R.C. and Kormilev, N.A. 1989. Phymatidae or ambush bugs of the world: a synonymic list with keys to species, except Lophoscutus and Phymata (Hemiptera). Entomography 6:1–76.
  • Henry, Thomas J., and Richard C. Froeschner, eds. 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. xix + 958
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Hypsa, V., Tietz, D.F., Zrzavy, J., Rego, R.O.M., Galvao, C. and Jurberg, J. 2002. Phylogeny and biogeography of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): Molecular evidence of a New World origin of the Asiatic clade. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23:447–457.
  • L. F. Jiron and V. M. Cartin, 1981. Insect succession in the decomposition of a mammal in Costa Rica. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 89:158-165, from p. 163.
  • Lent, H. and Wygodzinsky, P. 1979. Revision of the Triatominae (Hemiptera, Reduviidae), and their significance as vectors of Chagas’ disease. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 163:125–520.
  • Maldonado, J. 1990. Systematic catalogue of the Reduviidae of the world (Insecta: Heteroptera). Caribbean Journal of Science, Special Edition, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, pp. 1–694.
  • Malipatil, M.B. 1985. Revision of Australian Holoptilinae (Reduviidae: Heteroptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 33:283–299.
  • McGavin, George C. 1993. Bugs of the World. 192
  • Paula, A.S. de, Diotaiuti, L. and Schofield, C.J. 2005. Testing the sister-group relationship of the Rhodniini and Triatomini (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35:712–718.
  • Putshkov, V.G. and Putshkov, P.V. (1986–1989) A catalogue of the Reduviidae (Heteroptera) of the world, 6 volumes. Vinity, Lyubertsy
  • Readio, P.A. (1927) Studies on the biology of the Reduviidae of America north of Mexico. The University of Kansas Science bulletin, 17, 1–248.
  • Schofield, C.J. 1988. Biosystematics of the Triatominae. In Biosystematics of Haemotophagous Insects, pp. 284–312. Clarendon Press, Oxford, U.K.
  • Schuh, R.T. and J.A. Slater. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Classification and Natural History. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. xii + 336 pp.
  • Schuh, R.T., and P. Stys. 1991. Phylogenetic analyis of cimicomorphan family relationships (Heteroptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 99:298-350.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Usinger, R.L. 1943. A revised classification of the Reduvioidea with a new subfamily from South America (Hemiptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 36:502–618.
  • Weirauch, C. 2003. Pedicellar structures in Reduviidae (Heteroptera): Comments on cave organ and trichobothria. European Journal of Entomology 100:571–580.
  • Weirauch, C. 2004. Distribution of a sternal glandular area among female Reduviidae (Heteroptera), with discussion of a possible pheromonal function. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 51:3–6.
  • Weirauch, C. 2005. Pretarsal structures in Reduviidae (Heteroptera, Insecta). Acta Zoologica 86:91–110.
  • Weirauch, C. 2006. Dorsal abdominal glands in adult Reduviidae (Heteroptera, Cimicomorpha). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 53:91–102.
  • Weirauch, C. 2006. Metathoracic glands and associated evaporatory structures in Reduvioidea (Heteroptera: Cimicomorpha), with observation on the mode of function of the metacoxal comb. European Journal of Entomology 103:97–108.
  • Weirauch, C. 2007. Hairy attachment structures in Reduviidae (Cimicomorpha, Heteroptera), with observations on the fossula spongiosa in some other Cimicomorpha. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246:155–157.
  • Weirauch, C. 2006. New genus and species of Physoderinae (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) from the New World with a revised diagnosis of Physoderinae Miller. American Museum Novitates 3510:1–9.
  • Weirauch, C. 2008. Cladistic analysis of Reduviidae (Heteroptera: Cimicomorpha) based on morphological characters. Systematic Entomology 33(2):229-274.
  • Wygodzinsky, P.W. 1966. A monograph of the Emesinae (Reduviidae: Hemiptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 133:1–614.
  • Wygodzinsky, P.W. & Lodhi, S. 1989. Atlas of antennal trichobothria in the Pachynomidae and Reduviidae (Heteroptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 97:371–393.


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