The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Reimer, J. (2011). Epizoanthidae Delage & Hérouard, 1901. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Walsh, Gerald E., and Ralph L. Bowers. 1971. A review of Hawaiian zoanthids with descriptions of three new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 50, no. 2. 161-180


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!