The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns, S. D. 1977. A review of the Recent species of Balanophyllia (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the western Atlantic, with descriptions of four new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 90(1): 132-148.
  • Cairns, S. D. 1979. The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean Sea and adjacent waters. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 57: 341 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. 1994. Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557: 150 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. 2001. A Generic Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Dendrophylliidae (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 615: 75 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. and G. D. Stanley. 1982. Ahermatypic coral banks: living and fossil counterparts. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, Manila, 1: 611-618.
  • Cairns, S. D. and S. A. Parker. 1992. Review of the Recent Scleractinia (Stony Corals) of South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. Records of the South Australian Museum, Monograph Series, 3: 82 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. and Zibrowius. 1997. Cnidaria, Anthozoa: Zooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 172: 27-243.
  • Cairns, S. D., B. W. Hoeksema, and J. van der Land. 1999. Appendix: List of Extant Stony Corals. Atoll Research Bulletin, 459: 13-46.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Chevalier, J.-P. 1987. Ordre des Scléractiniares: Systematique. Pp. 679-753 In: Grassé, P. (editor) Traité de Zoologie, 3(3) Masson, Paris.
  • Grygier, M. J. and W. A. Newman. 1985. Motility and calcareous parts in extant and fossil Acrothoracica (Crustacea: Cirripedia), based primarily upon new species burrowing in the deep-sea scleractinian coral Enallopsammia. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 21: 1-22.
  • Horst, C. J. van der. 1922. The Madreporaria of the Siboga Expedition. Part 3: Eupsammidae. Siboga-Expeditie, 16c: 45-75.
  • Horst, C. J. van der. 1927. Eupsammid corals from South Africa. Union of South Africa Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey Report No. 5 for the year 1925, Special Report 2: 7 pp.
  • Kuhlmann, Dietrich H. H. 1984. Living coral reefs of the world. 185
  • Marshall, A. T. 1996. Calcification in hermatypic and ahermatypic corals. Science, 271: 637-639.
  • Romano, S. L. and S. D. Cairns. 2000. Molecular phylogenetic hypotheses for the evolution of scleractinian corals. Bulletin of Marine Science, 67(3): 1043-1068.
  • Romano, S. L. and S. R. Palumbi. 1996. Evolution of scleractinian corals inferred from molecular systematics. Science, 271: 640-642.
  • Vaughan, T. W. and J. W. Wells. 1943. Revision of the suborders, families, and genera of the Scleractinia. Geological Society of America, Special Papers, 44: 363 pp.
  • Veron, J. E. N and M. Pichon. 1980. Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part 3. Australian Institute of Marine Sciences, Monograph Series, 4: 422 pp.
  • Veron, J. E. N., D. M. Odorico, C. A. Chen, and D. J. Miller. 1996. Reassessing evolutionary relationships of scleractinian corals. Coral Reefs, 15: 1-9.
  • Wells, J. W. 1956. Scleractinia. Pp. F328-F444 In: Moore, R. C. (editor) Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F: Coelenterata. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
  • Yonge, C. M. 1975. A note on mutualism between sipunculans and scleractinian corals. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of Sipuncula and Echiura, pp. 305-311.
  • Zibrowius, H. 1973. Révision des espèces actuelles du genre Enallopsammia Michelotti, 1871, et description de E. marenzelleri, nouvelle espèce bathyale à large distribution: Océan Indien et Atlantique central (Madreporaria, Dendrophylliidae). Beaufortia, 21(276): 37-54.
  • Zibrowius, H. 1980. Les Scléractiniaires de la Méditeranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. Memoires de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco, 11: 284 pp.
  • Zibrowius, H. and M. J. Grygier. 1985. Diversity and range of scleractinian coral hosts of Ascothoracida (Crustacea: maxillopoda). Annals de l'Institut Océanographique, Paris, 61(2): 115-138.


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