The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Lafontaine, J. Donald, and B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys, vol. 40. 1-239
  • Schmidt, B. Christian, and Paul A. Opler. 2008. Revised checklist of the tiger moths of the Continental United States and Canada. Zootaxa, issue 1677. 1-23
  • Skand. Heteroc. Fjarilar., 2 (3), 304.
  • Verz. Bekannt. Schmett., (12) 183.


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