The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Berlese, A. 1909. Monografia dei Myrientomata. Redia 6: 1-182.
  • Bernard, E. C. 1985. Two new species of Protura (Insecta) from North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98:72-80.
  • Copeland, T. P. 1978. A new genus and two new species of Eosentomoidea (Protura: Eosentomidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 80(4):473-484.
  • Ewing, H. E. 1940. The Protura of North America. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 33:495—551.
  • Francois, J. 1996. Thoracic skeleton and musculature of Protura. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 32:233-249.
  • Francois, J., R. Dallai, et al. 1992. Cephalic anatomy of Sinentomon erythranum Yin (Protura: Sinentomidae). International Journal Of Insect Morphology And Embryology 21(3):199-213.
  • Imadaté, G. 1974. Fauna Japonica Protura (Insecta). Keigaku, Tokyo. 351 pp.
  • Janetschek, H. 1970. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches. 2nd ed., Band IV, 2. Haelfte, Teil 2/3; Spezielles, Protura. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. 72 pp.
  • Krauss, J., W. Funke. 1999. Extraordinary high density of Protura in a windfall area of young spruce plants. Pedobiologia, 433:44-46.
  • Nosek, J. 1973. The European Protura: Their Taxonomy, Ecology and Distribution with Keys for Determination. Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève, Switzerland. 346 pp.
  • Nosek, J. 1977. A new genus and six new species of Protura from Alaska (Protura:Acerentomidae, Eosentomidae). Entomol. Scand. 8:271-284.
  • Nosek, J. and D. Keith McE. Kevan. 1978. Key and diagnoses of proturan genera of the world. Annot. Zool. Bot. Bratislava 122:1-54.
  • Nosek, J. and D. Keith McE. Kevan. 1984. A species of Acerentomidae (Protura) new to Canada. Rev. Entomol. Que. 29:55-61.
  • Szeptycki, A. 2002. The taxonomy of Protura - present status and future problems. Pedobiologia 46:209-214.
  • Szeptycki, A. 1985. Polish Protura. 111. Eosentomon bohemicum Rusek and related species, 1966. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 55:531—574.
  • Szeptycki, A. and E. Christian. 2001. Vindobonella leopoldina gen. n., sp n. from Austria (Protura : Acerentomidae s. l.). European Journal of Entomology 98:249-255.
  • Szeptycki, A. and W. M. Weiner. 1997. Najtentulus silvestris, gen n, sp n (Protura: Acerentomidae) from the Western Europe. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 33:19-27.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1931. Monographie der Proturen. 1. Morphologie nebst Bemerkungen über Systematik and Ökologie. Z. Morphol. Ökol. Tiere 22:671-720.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1949. Über den Lebenszyklus und die postembryonale Entwicklung zweier dänisher Proturengattungen. K. Dan. Vidensh. Selsk. Biol. Skr. 6(3):1-50.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1963. Phylogenetical trends in the Protura. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 1:277-310.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1964. The Protura. A Revision of the Species of the World with Keys for Determination. Hermann, Paris. 360 pp.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1984. Brasilidia and a new genus and species of Protura (Insecta) from Argentina. Together with an improvised key to Acerentomidae. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol 21:283-295.
  • Tuxen, S. L. 1986. Protura (Insecta). Fauna of New Zealand 9. 52 pp.
  • Yin, W.-Y. 1965. Studies on Chinese Protura. 11. A new family of the suborder Eosentomoidea. Acta Entomol. Sin. 14(2):186-195.
  • Yin, W.-Y. 1983. Grouping the known genera of Protura under eight families with keys for determination. Contributions of the Shanghai Institute of Entomology 3:151-163.
  • Yin, W.-Y. 1984. A new phylogeny of Protura with approach to its origin and systematic position. Scientia Sinica. Series B 27:149-160.
  • Yin, W.-Y. 1999. Fauna Sinica. Arthropoda. Protura. Science Press, Beijing.
  • Yin, W.-Y. and L. Z. Xue. 1993. Comparative spermatology of Protura and its significance on Proturan systematics. Scientia Sinica. Series B 36:575-586.
  • Yin, W.-Y., R. Dallai, and L. Z. Xue. 1989. Sperm evolution in Protura. Pages 195-198 in Proceedings of the 3rd International Seminar on Apterygota. University of Siena.


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