The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bishop, F. 1913. The Stable Fly (Stomoxys caclitrans L.) An Important Live Stock Pest. Journal of Economic Entomology, 6: 112-126.
  • Catangui, M., J. Cambell, G. Tomas, D. Boxler. 1997. Calculating Economic Injury Levels for Stable Flies (Diptera: Muscida) on Feeding Heifers. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(1): 6-10.
  • Catangui, M., J. Cambell, G. Tomas, J. Boxler. 1993. Average Daily Gains of Brahman-cross-bred and English X Exotic Feeder Heifers Exposed to Low, Medium, and High Levels of Stable Flie.. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86: 1114-1150.
  • Cook, D., I. Dadour, N. Keals. 1999. Stable Fly, House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae), and other Nuisance Fly Development in Poultry Litter Association with Horticultural Crop Production. Journal of Economic Entomology, 92(6): 1352-7.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Hunter, G., P. Curry. 2001. "AgResource" (On-line). Accessed February 22, 2005 at
  • Janovy, J., L. Roberts. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology, 6th Edition. USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc..
  • Pape T. & Thompson F.C. (eds) (2015). Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus, 1758)


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