Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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Initial Tree of Life web Import
  • Molossidae
AnAge database Family
Anage Data Family
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions Family
AskNature Family
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS images II Family
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Family
Conabio Family
EOL Group on Flickr
  • Molossidae
EOL Metrics Family
  • Molossidae
EOL hotlist Scratchpad Family
  • Molossidae
FALO Classification Family
GBIF Elevation Data Family
GBIF national node classification resource: Germany Family
GBIF national node type records: Germany Family
GBIF national node type records: Sweden Family
Global Biotic Interactions Family
IABIN resource Family
INBio resource Family
IUCN Red List Family
IUCN Red List
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Family Import
Monthly ARKive text import Family
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
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Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Family
Lovegrove 2014 Family
Mammal life history Family
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012 Mammalia Family
Mammals Resource Family
NCBI Taxonomy
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NatureServe resource Family
North American Mammals Resource Family
NCBI, GGBN, GBIF, BHL, BOLDS data coverage Family
  • Molossidae
Paleobiology Database
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Smithsonian type specimen data Family
South African Vertebrates
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India Biodiversity Portal Species Data Family
IUCN Structured Data Family
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
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Tree of Life web project
  • Molossidae
Type data from iDigBio Family
Wikimedia Commons Genus
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons Family
Wikipedia Family
Wikipedia Family
iNaturalist Images Family
iSpot southern Africa Family


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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