The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Coetzee, C. 1977. Order Carnivora. Part 8. Pp. 1-42 in J Meester, H Setzer, eds. The Mammals of Africa: An Identification Manual. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Flynn, J., J. Finarelli, S. Zehr, J. Hsu, M. Nedbal. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of the Carnivora (Mammalia): Assessing the impact of increased sampling on resolving enigmatic relationships. Systematic Biology, 54(2): 317-337.
  • Gaubert, P., W. Wozencraft, P. Cordeiro-Estrela, G. Veron. 2005. Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: What's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?. Systematic Biology, 54(6): 865-894.
  • Hunt, R. 1974. The auditory bulla in Carnivora: An anatomical basis for reappraisal of Carnivore evolution. Journal of Morphology, 143: 21-76.
  • Hunt, R. 1987. Evolution of the Aeluoid Carnivora: Significance of auditory structure in the Nimravid Cat Dinictis. American Museum Novitates, 2886: 1-74.
  • IUCN, 2006. "2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Accessed September 20, 2006 at
  • Kingdon, J. 1988. East African Mammals: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa, Volume 3, Part A: Carnivores. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Pocock, R. 1915. On the feet and glands and other external characters of the Paradoxurinae Genera Paradoxurus, Arctictis, Arctogalidia, and Nandinia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1915: 387-412.
  • Wiig, O. 1985. Relationship of Nandinia binotata (Gray) to the Superfamily Feloidea (Mammalia, Carnivora). Zoologica Scripta, 14(2): 155-159.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wozencraft, W. 1993. Order Carnivora. Pp. 279-348 in D Wilson, D Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Wozencraft, W. 2005. Order Carnivora. Pp. 532-628 in D Wilson, D Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Yoder, A., M. Burns, S. Zehr, T. Delefosse, G. Veron, S. Goodman, J. Flynn. 2003. Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor. Nature, 421: 734-737.


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