*Adult bee louse (Braula):
-body structure: rounded, six legged, comb like feet (for holding onto bee hairs), covered in setae, wingless (aptera), eyeless
-coloration: reddish brown
-size: 1.5 millimeters in length and 0.75 millimeters in width
-home: live “clinged” on bees (with help from bristle/comb like feet), usually one braula per bee and there may be more than one on queen bees
-source of food: Braula feed on honey which is sucked from a bee’s mouth during regurgitation of the honey into comb cells, with the help of the Braulid’s own sucking mouth organ
*Braula have been found in:
-Mediterranean (France, Italy, Germany)
-South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Brazil, Argentina)
-Other countries include Holland, Nepal, South Africa (anywhere honeybees may be found!)
-It’s rare to find Braula in places of cold weather like Russia, Canada, Alaska etc.
Animal / guest
Braula coeca is a guest in nest of Apis mellifera
Braula coeca as an adult is an ecoparasite on honey bees (Apis mellifera) and as an immature (maggot stage) lives in the combs of the honey bee nests
Life History and Behavior
*life stage 1 egg:
-eggs are found on the inner side of cappings, and occasionally on cell walls.
*Instar stage 2 larvae: 7.1 to 10.8 days
-while larvae will feed on the honeycomb wax (as well as pollen grains), they construct tunnels throughout the honeycomb wax, making this their home until pupation.
*Instar stage 2 pupa: 1 to 2.7 days
-pupation takes place at the ends of larval tunnels until the braulids have emerged as full adults, soon to make their exit through a hole out onto the surface of the honeycomb
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