The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baird, S. F. 1859. Reptiles on the Boundary. 2 (2). USA.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp.
  • Cuesta-Terrón, C. 1932. Los Camaleones de México. Anales del Instituto de Biología. 1 (3) : 95-121.
  • Flores-Villela, O. 1993. La Herpetofauna Mexicana. Lista Anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. USA.
  • Flores-Villela, O., Mendoza-Quijano, F. y González, G. 1995. Recopilación de Claves para la determinación de anfibios y reptiles de México. (10). México.
  • Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17. iv + 73
  • Funk, R. S. 1981. Phrynosoma mcallii (Hallowell): Flat-tailed Horned Lizard. Cat. Amer. Amphib. Rept. (281) : 1-2.
  • Funk, R.S. 1981. Phrynosoma mcallii (Halowell): Flat-tailed horned lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 281.
  • García-de Miranda, E. y Falcón-de Gyves, Z. 1984. Atlas de México. Editorial Porrúa. México, D. F.
  • Gentry, A.F. 1885. A review of the genus Phrynosoma. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. (ser. 3) 37: 138-148.
  • Girard, Charles F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. 20. Herpetology. C. Sherman & Son, Philadelphia, xv, 492 pages [see note in Zhao and Adler 1993: 369].
  • Hallowell, E. 1852. Description of a New Species of Reptiles Inhabiting North America. Proceedings Academy Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 6 (1) : 177-182.
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 177-182
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 177-182.
  • Heath, J. E. 1965. Temperature Regulation and Diurnal Activity in Horned Lizards. University California Publications Zoology. 1 (64) : 4-5.
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1932. The flat-tailed horned toad in Lower California. Copeia 1932 (2): 100.
  • Liner, E. A. 1994. Nombres Científicos y Comunes en Inglés y Español de los Anfibios y Reptiles de México. 1 (23). USA.
  • Mayhew, W. W. 1965. Hibernation in the Horned Lizard, Phrynosoma m'calli. Comp. Biochemical Physiology. 1 (16) : 103-119.
  • Meyers, J.J.; Herrel, A. & Nishikawa, K. 2006. Morphological correlates of ant eating in horned lizards (Phrynosoma). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 13–24.
  • Montanucci, R. R. 1987. A Phylogenentic Study of the Horned Lizards, Genus Phrynosoma, Based on Skeletal and External Morphology. Los Angeles Co. Mus. Nat. Hist. Contrib. Sci. 1 (390) : 1-36.
  • Morril, B. M. 2000. Chronology of Events from 1990-2000 to Preclude Listing of the Flat-Tailed Lizard (Phrynosoma m'calli) on the Barry M. Goldwater Range of the Department of Defense US Marine Corps Managed Land in Southwestern Arizona. USA.
  • Mulcahy, Daniel G.; Allen W. Spaulding, Joseph R. Mendelson III & Edmund D. Brodie, Jr. 2006. Phylogeography of the Flat-tailed Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma mcallii) and systematics of the P. mcallii–platyrhinos mtDNA complex. Molecular Ecology 15(0): 1–20.
  • Norris, K. S. 1949. Observations on the Habits of the Horned Lizard Phrynosoma mcalli Pertinent to its Systematic Status. Copeia. 1949 (1) : 176-180.
  • Norris, K. S. y Lowe, C. H. 1951. A Study of the Osteology and Musculatore of Phrynosoma m'acalli Pertinent to its Systematic Status. Bulletin Chicago Academy of Sciences. 1 (9) : 117-125.
  • Norris, K. S. y Lowe, C. H. 1964. An Analysis of Background Color Matching in Amphibians and Reptiles. Ecology. 1 (45) : 565-580.
  • Pianka, E. R. y Parker, W. S. 1975. Ecology of Horned Lizards: A Review With Special Reference to Phrynosoma platyrhynus. Copeia. 1975 (1) : 141-162.
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955].
  • Presch, W. 1969. Evolutionary Osteology and Relationships of the Horned Lizard Genus Phrynosoma. Copeia. 1969 (2) : 250-275.
  • Reeder,T.W. & Montanucci,R.R. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the horned lizards (Phrynomomatidae: Phrynosoma): evidence from mitochondrial DNA and morphology. Copeia 2001 (2): 309-323.
  • Reeve, W. L. 1952. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Horned Lizard Genus Phrynosoma. Kansas Univ.Sci. Bull. 34 (14) : 817-860.
  • Rzedowski, J. 1994. Vegetación de México. LIMUSA. México, D. F.
  • Sherbrooke, W. C. y Middendorff, G. A. 2001. Blood-Squirting Variability in Horned Lizards (Phrynosoma). Copeia. 2001 (4) : 1114-1122.
  • Smith, H. M. 1946. Handbook of Lizards of the United States and Canada. USA.
  • Smith, H. M. y Taylor, E. H. 1950. An annotated Checklist and Key to the Reptiles of Mexico Exclusive of the Snakes. i-iv (199). USA.
  • Smith, H. M. y Taylor, E. H. 1950. Type Localities of Mexican Reptiles and Amphibians. Kansas Univ.Sci. Bull. 32 (2) : 313-380.
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228.
  • Turner, F. B.;Medica, P. A. 1982. The distribution and abundance of the flat-tailed horned lizard (Phrynosoma mcallii). Copeia 1982 (4): 815-823.
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Young, Kevin V.; Edmund D. Brodie Jr. & Edmund D. Brodie III. 2004. How the Horned Lizard Got Its Horns. Science 304 (5667): 65 [discussion in305: 1909 and 306: 230].


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