The lizard Anolis cybotes is a species of anole found on Hispaniola, a Caribbean island comprised of the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Anoles are a diverse group of small, primarily arboreal, insectivorous lizard species found in the New World from North Carolina, United States, all the way down to central South America and the Caribbean islands. Anolis cybotes is a member of a Hispaniolan clade of anoles that are all considered members of the “trunk-ground” ecomorph class. Trunk-ground anoles are so named because they choose low perches, such as tree trunks and large rocks, and will descend to capture prey on the ground. Members of this ecomorph class, which are all quite similar in ecology and morphology, have evolved independently on several Caribbean islands, including Hispaniola. Anolis cybotes belongs to the cybotoid radiation of anoles, which is a monophyletic group containing roughly half a dozen other trunk-ground species from Hispaniola. This species is by far the most widespread of the Hispaniolan trunk-ground anoles, as it is found from sea level to about 2100 meters. It is found on many of Hispaniola's satellite islands and it has been introduced to southern Florida and Suriname.