Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: croaker (English), cholesca (Espanol), corvinata (Espanol), ronco (Espanol) |
Bairdiella armata Gill, 1863
Body elongate, oblong, compressed; head narrow, cavernous but firm to touch; snout short, blunt, overhangs horizontal mouth; mouth large (reaching to under rear edge of eye), opens at front; chin without barbells, with 5 pores; teeth conical, in rows; lower gill rakers 14-16, total 22-24, longest raker longer than ½ gill filament behind it; preopercular margin with 8-12 fine spines and two sharp spines at angle, the lowermost directed downwards or slightly forward; dorsal fin X, I, 21-23, deeply notched between spines and rays; anal fin II, 8, second anal spine very strong, longer than base of anal fin but not reaching tail fin; tail fin bluntly rounded; scales rough, except smooth around eyes and on fins; pored lateral-line scales 46-49.
Color mainly silvery with fins (especially pectoral and pelvic fins) slightly yellowish; faint wavy stripes or dots sometimes apparent along horizontal scale rows of body.
Size: reaches maximum length of about 30 cm.
Inhabits inshore shallows, entering estuaries and coastal rivers.
Depth: 1-20 m.
The lower Gulf of California to Colombia.