The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bub, K. and Bowerman, R.F. 1979. Prey capture by the scorpion Hadrurus arizonensis. J. Arachnol. 7:243-253.
  • E. Holm and C. H. Scholtz, Structure and pattern of the Namib Desert dune ecosystem at Gobabeb, Madoqua 12(1):3-39, from p. 21 (1980).
  • Fet, Victor, W. David Sissom, Graeme Lowe, and Matt E. Braunwalder. 2000. Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758-1998). 690
  • Harvey, Mark S. 2002. The neglected cousins: what do we know about the smaller arachnid orders?. The Journal of Arachnology, vol. 30, no. 2. 357-372
  • P. G. Howes, The Giant Cactus Forest and Its World: A Brief Biology of the Giant Cactus Forest of Our American Southwest (Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, New York; Little, Brown, Boston; 1954), from pp. 222-239, from p. 227.
  • Ruppert, E.E., Fox, R.S., and Barnes, R.D. 2004. Invertebrate Zoology: A Functional Evolutionary Approach. Belmont: Brooks/Cole, United States.
  • Víquez, C.. 1999. Escorpiones de Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo, Heredia, Costa Rica.
  • WoRMS (2015). Scorpiones. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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