The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Griffiths and C.E. Bowman. 1984. Acarology VI, Vol. I. Ellis-Horwood Ltd., Chichester.
  • K. Paviour-Smith, The biotic community of a salt meadow in New Zealand, Trans. R. Soc. N.Z. 83(3):525-554, from p. 542 (1956).
  • Krantz, G. W., and D. E. Walter, eds. 2009. A Manual of Acarology, 3rd Edition. viii+807
  • Lindquist, E.E. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships. pp. 301-327 in: E.E. Lindquist, M.W. Sabelis and J. Bruin (eds.) Eriophyoid mites - their biology, natural enemies and control. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.
  • Norton, R.A., J.B. Kethley, D.E. Johnston, and B.M. OConnor. 1993. Phylogenetic perspectives on genetic systems and reproductive modes of mites. pp. 8-99 in: D.L. Wrensch and M.A. Ebbert (eds.) Evolution and diversity of sex ratio in insects and mites. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • OConnor, B.M. 1984. Phylogenetic relationships among higher taxa in the Acariformes, with particular reference to the Astigmata. pp. 19-27 in D.A.
  • WoRMS (2014). Trombidiformes. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Yoder JA; Rigsby CM; Tank JL. 2008. Function of the urnulae in protecting the red velvet mite, Balaustium Sp., against water loss and in enhancing its activity at high temperatures. International Journal of Acarology. 34(4): 419-425.


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