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Medium to large sized ground dwelling and burrowing spiders, chelicerae with a single row of teeth, two pairs of book lungs (Figure 4), tibial spurs specialized as sense organs. Their ground burrows are closed with trapdoors, with or without additional concentric signal lines (Figure 2b, d, f, h, j, l, n, p).
Composition. Ganthela Xu & Kuntner, gen. n., Heptathela Kishida, 1923, Liphistius Schiödte, 1849, Qiongthela Xu & Kuntner, gen. n., Ryuthela Haupt, 1983, Sinothela Haupt, 2003a, Songthela Ono, 2000, and Vinathela Ono, 2000.