The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Block, E. 2010. Garlic and other Alliums: The lore and the science. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry.
  • Brewster, J.L. 2008. Crop production science in horticulture, Volume 15: Onions and other vegetable Alliums. Wallingford, Oxon, Great Britain: CABI Publishing. 2nd ed.
  • F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis.   (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..  
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Figliuolo, G., and D. DiStefano. 2007. Is single bulb producing garlic Allium sativum or Allium ampeloprasum? Scientia Horticulturae 114 (4): 243–249.
  • Fritsch, R.M., and N. Friesen. 2002. "Chapter 1: Evolution, Domestication, and Taxonomy." In H.D. Rabinowitch and L. Currah, eds. Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. 5–30. ISBN 0-85199-510-1.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Grayum, M. H. 2003. Alliaceae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92(2): 43–45.
  • Groves, R.H., Boden, R. and Lonsdale, W.M. 2005. Jumping the Garden Fence: Invasive Garden Plants in Australia and their environmental and agricultural impacts. CSIRO report prepared for WWF-Australia. WWF-Australia, Sydney. Retrieved 17 October 2011 from
  • Hirschegger, P., J. Jakše, P. Trontelj, and B. Bohanec. 2010. Origins of Allium ampeloprasum horticultural groups and a molecular phylogeny of the section Allium (Allium: Alliaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 488-497.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • L. 1753. In: Sp. Pl. : 294
  • L., Boulos.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..  
  • Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. Rep. Bot. Inst. Univ. Aarhus 16: 1–74.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 294. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • USDA GRIN 2011. “Allium ampeloprasum L.” In U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Retrieved 7 October 2011 from
  • USDA Plants 2011. “Allium ampeloprasum.” In U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, PLANTS Database. Retrieved 7 October 2011 from
  • V., Täckholm.   (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  
  • V., Täckholm., & M. Drar.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  
  • Wikipedia. 2011. Allium ampeloprasum. See Wikipedia.
  • 2011. “Allium ampeloprasum.” Retrieved 17 October 2011 from


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