The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Literature Cited

  • 1. Blackledge, T. A. and J. W. Wenzel. “State-Determinate Foraging Decisions and Web Architecture in the Spider Dictyna volucripes (Araneae Dictynidae).” Ethology Ecology and Evolution 13.2 (2001): 105-113.

  • 10. Miliczky, E.R. and C. O. Calkins. “Prey of the Spider, Dictyna coloradensis, on Apple, Pear, and Weeds in Central Washington (Araneae : Dictynidae).” Pan-Pacific Entomologist 77.1 (2001): 19-27.

  • 11. Nyffeler, M., D. A. Dean, and W. L. Sterling. “Prey Records of the Web-Building Spiders Dictyna segregata (Dictynidae), Theridion australe (Theridiidae), Tidarren haemorrhoidale (Theridiidae), and Frontinella pyramitela (Linyphiidae) in a Cotton Agroecosystem.” The Southwestern Naturalist 33.2 (1988): 215-218.

  • 12. Pekár, Stanislav. “Foraging Mode: A Factor Affecting the Susceptibility of Spiders (Araneae) to Insecticide Applications.” Pesticide Science 55.11 (1999): 1077-1082.

  • 13. Platnick, Norman I. “The World Spider Catalog, Version 12.0.” American Museum of Natural History. 2011. 25 Jul. 2011.

  • 14. Robinson, William H. Urban Insects and Arachnids: A Handbook of Urban Entomology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

  • 15. “Silk: The Spider’s Success Story.” Australian Museum. 2009. 26 Jul. 2011.

  • 16. Spagna, Joseph C., Sarah C. Crews, and Rosemary G. Gillespie. “Patterns of Habitat Affinity and Austral/Holarctic Parallelism in Dictynoid Spiders (Araneae : Entelegynae).” Invertebrate Systematics 24.3 (2010): 238-257.

  • 17. “Spider Terms.” South Indian Spiders. 8 Aug. 2011.

  • 18. Starr, Christopher K. “Sexual Behavior in Dictyna volucripes (Araneae, Dictynidae).” Journal of Arachnology 16.3 (1988): 321-330.

  • 19. Wheeler, G. S., J. P. McCaffrey, and J. B. Johnson. “Developmental Biology of Dictyna Spp. (Araneae: Dictynidae) in the Laboratory and Field.” American Midland Naturalist 123.1 (1990): 124-134.

  • 2. Blackledge, Todd A., Nikolaj Scharff, Jonathan A. Coddington, Tamas Szüts, John W. Wenzel, Cheryl Y. Hayashi, and Igni Agnarsson. “Reconstructing Web Evolution and Spider Diversification in the Molecular Era.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106.13 (2009): 5229-5234.

  • 20. “Yellow Starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis L.).” Written Findings of the State Noxious Weed Control Board - Class B - B-Designate Weed. 2007. 26 Jul. 2011.

  • 3. Crawford, Rod. “Myths About Identifying Spiders.” The Spider Myths Site. Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. 2010. 26 Jul. 2011.

  • 4. Hagley, Elmer A. C. and Wayne R. Allen. “Prey of the Cribellate Spider, Dictyna annulipes (Araneae, Dictynidae), on Apple Tree Foliage.” Journal of Arachnology 17.3 (1989): 366-367.

  • 5. Jackson, R. R. “Comparative Studies of Dictyna and Mallos (Araneae : Dictynidae): IV. Silk-Mediated Interattraction.” Insectes Sociaux 29.1 (1982): 15-24.

  • 6. Jackson, Robert R. “Comparative Studies of Dictyna and Mallos: V. Tolerance and Resistance to Starvation.” Psyche 87 (1980): 211-220.

  • 7. Lissner, Jørgen. “The Spiders of Greenland: Images and Species Descriptions.” 2011. 4 Aug. 2011.

  • 8. Lym, Rodney G. and Richard K. Zollinger. “Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea maculosa Lam.).” North Dakota State University. 1992. 26 Jul. 2011.

  • 9. Maloney, Darlene, Francis A. Drummond, and Randy Alford. Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 190: Spider Predation in Agroecosystems: Can Spiders Effectively Control Pest Populations? Orono: Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, University of Maine, 2003.

  • WoRMS (2015). Dictyna. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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