The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Balech E (1989) Rediscription of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. Phycologia 28: 206-211.
  • Balech E (1995) The genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). Sherkin Island Marine Station
  • Balech, E. 1985b. The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White & D.G. Baden (eds.), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 33-38.
  • Balech, E. 1989. Redescription of Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. Phycologia 28: 206-211.
  • Balech, E. 1995. The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata), Sherkin Island Marine Station, Ireland. 151 pp.
  • Bolch, C.J., S.I. Blackburn, J.A. Cannon & G.M. Hallegraeff 1991. The resting cyst of the red-tide dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 30: 215-219.
  • Cannon, J. 1990. Development and dispersal of red tides in the Port River, South Australia. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundtrom, L. Edler & D. Anderson (eds.), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 110-115.
  • Chang, F.H., L. Mackenzie, D. Till, D. Hannah & L. Rhodes 1995. The first toxic shellfish outbreaks and the associated phytoplankton blooms in early 1993 in New Zealand. In: P. Lassus, G. Arzul, E. Erard, P. Gentien & C. Marcaillou (eds.), Harmful Marine Algal Blooms, Lavoisier, Intercept Ltd: 145-150.
  • G. Hansen, N. Daugbjerg & J.M. Franco (2003). Morphology, toxin composition and LSU rDNA phylogeny of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Denmark, with some morphological observations on other European strains. Harmful Algae 2: 317-335
  • Halim, Y. 1960. Alexandrium minutum n. gen. n. sp., dinoflagelle provocant 'des eaux rouges'. Vie et Milieu 11: 102-105.
  • Hallegraeff, G.M. 1991. Aquaculturists Guide to Harmful Australian Microalgae. Fishing Industry Training Board of Tasmania/CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Hobart, 111 pp.
  • Hallegraeff, G.M., D.A. Steffensen & R. Wetherbee 1988. Three estuarine Australian dinoflagellates that can produce paralytic shellfish poisons. J. Plank. Res. 10: 533-541.
  • Honsell, G. 1993. First report of Alexandrium minutum in the Northern Adriatic waters (Mediterranean Sea). In: T.J. Smayda & Y. Shimizu (eds.), Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea, Elsevier, Amsterdam: 127-132.
  • Hwang, D.-F., Y.-H. Tsai, H.-J. Liao, K. Matsuoka, T. Noguchi & S.-S. Jeng 1999. Toxins of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum Halim from the coastal waters and aquaculture ponds in southern Taiwan. Fish. Sci. 65: 171-172.
  • Koray, T. & B. Buyukisik 1988. Toxic dinoflagellate blooms in the harbour region of Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Rev. Inter. d'Oceanogr. Med. 91-92: 25-42.
  • Montresor, M., D. Marino, A. Zingone & G. Dafnis 1990. Three Alexandrium species from coastal Tyrrhenian waters. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, L. Edler & D. Anderson (eds.), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 82-87.
  • Nezan, E., C. Belin, P. Lassus, G. Piclet & J.P. Berthome 1989. Alexandrium minutum: first PSP species occurrence in France. In: Fourth International Conference on Toxic Marine Phytoplankton: Abstracts, Lund, Sweden: 111.
  • Oshima, Y, M. Hirota, T. Yasumoto, G. Hallegraeff, S. Blackburn & D. Steffensen 1989. Production of paralytic shellfish toxins by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum Halim from Australia. Nipp. Suis. Gakk. 55: 925.
  • Scholin CA, Anderson DA (1994) Identification of group- and strain-specific genetic markers for globally distributed Alexandrium (Dinophyceae). I. RFLP Analysis of SSU rRNA genes. Journal of Phycology 30:744-75.
  • Steidinger, K.A. & K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo & J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. Cembella (eds.), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.


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