The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Isotype: Davis, C. C. 1948. Bot. Gaz. 109 (3): 358, figs. 1, 2.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584


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