The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Artois, T. (2015). Promesostoma cochleare Karling, 1935. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Ax P, Armonies W. 1987. index card avail.
     . Amphiatlantic identities in the composition of the boreal brackish water community of Plathelminthes. A comparison between the Canadian and European Atlantic coast. Microfauna Marina 3:7-80.
  • Ax P. 1951. index card avail.
     . Die Turbellarien des Eulitorals der Kieler Bucht. Zool Jahrb Abt Syst Oekol Geogr Tiere 80:277-378.
  • Brinck P, Dahl E, Wieser W. 1955.  abstract/note. On the littoral subsoil fuanas of the Simrishmann beach in Eastern Scania. Kuregl. fysiogr. Sällsh. Lundförh. 25: 109-129.
  • Ehlers U. 1974.   . Interstitielle Typhloplanoida (Turbellaria) aus dem Litoral der Nordseeinsel Sylt. Mikrofauna des Meeres 49:1-102 (427-527).
  • Faubel A, Warwick RM. 2005.  abstract/note. The marine flora and fauna of the Isles of Scilly: Free-living Plathelminthes ('Turbellaria'). J Nat Hist 39:1-45.
  • Hellwig M. 1987. index card avail.
     . Oekologie freilebender Plathelminthen in Grenzraum Watt-Salzwiese lenitischer Gezeitenkuesten. Microfauna Marina 3:157-244.
  • Karling TG. 1935.   . Mitteilungen ueber Turbellarien aus dem Finnischen Meerbusen: 1. Dalyellia nigrifrons n. sp. 2. Promesostoma cochlearis n.sp. Mem Soc Fauna Flora fenn 10:388-395.
  • Karling, T. G. 1935. Mittelungen über Turbellarien aus dem Finnischen Meerbusen. 2. Promesostoma cochlearis n. sp. Mem. Soc. Fauna fenn Helsingfors 10 pp. 391-395 3 figs.
  • Luther A. 1962.   . Die Turbellarien Ostfennoskandiens III. Neorhabdocoela 1. Dalyellioida, Typhloplanoida: Byrsophlebidae und Trigonostomidae. Fauna Fennica 12:1-71.
  • Schmidt P. 1972. index card avail.
     . Zonierung und jahreszeitliche Fluktuationen der interstitiellen Fauna in Sandstranden des Gebiets von Tromsoe (Norwegen). Mikrofauna Meeresbodens 12:1-86.
  • Sterrer W. 1965.   . Zur Ökologie der Turbellarien eines Südfinnischen Sandstrandes. Botanica Gothoburgensia 3: 211-219.
  • Wehrenberg C, Reise K. 1985.   . Artenspektrum und Abundanz freilebender Plathelminthes in sublitoralen Saenden der Nordsee bei Sylt. Microfauna Marina 2: 163-180.


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