The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Fukuyo, Y., K. Yoshida and H. Inoue (1985). Protogonyaulax in Japanese coastal waters. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 27-32.
  • Hallegraeff, G.M. (1991). Aquaculturists Guide to Harmful Australian Microalgae. Fishing Industry Training Board of Tasmania/CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Hobart, 111 pp.
  • Meksumpun, S., Montani, S. & Uematsu, M.(1994). Elemental components of cyst walls of three marine phytoflagellates, Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae), Alexandrium catenella adn Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 33: 275-280.
  • Ogata, T. & Kodama, M. (1986). Ichthyotoxicity found in cultured media of Protogonyaulax spp. Mar. Biol. 92: 31-34.
  • Penna, E. Garcés, M. Vila , M. G. Giacobbe, S. Fraga, A. Lugliè, I. Bravo, E. Bertozzini and C. Vernesi (2005). Alexandrium catenella (Dinophyceae), a toxic ribotype expanding in the NW Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biology 148: 13?23.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo and J. Larsen (1995). Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.
  • Tomas C ed. (1997). Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. pp 598. Academic Press Ltd. London
  • Yoshimatsu, S. (1981). Sexual reproduction of Protogonyaulax catenella in culture I. Heterothallism. Bull. Plank. Soc. Jpn. 28: 131-139.


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