The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (January, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Cuthbert, R. (2008) Pers. Comm.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1994) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 2002. "Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Longetivity Records" (On-line). Accessed November 05, 2006 at
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.25
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 3. CITES (January, 2008) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Clark, W.S. (1999) A Field Guide to the Raptors of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 5. BirdLife International (May, 2008) External link.
  • 6. Van Lawick-Goodall, J. and van Lawick-Goodall, H. (1966) Use of tools by the Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus. Nature, 212: 1468 - 1469.
  • 7. Cuthbert, R.J., Green, R.E., Ranade, S., Saravanan, S., Pain, D.J., Prakash, V. and Cunningham, A.A. (2006) Rapid populations declines of Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus) and red-headed vultures (Sarcogyps calvus) in India. Animal Conservation, 9: 349 - 354.
  • 8. Green, R.E., Newton, I., Shultz, S., Cunningham, A.A., Gilbert, M., Pain, D.J. and Prakash, V. (2004) Diclofenac poisoning as a cause of vulture population declines across the Indian subcontinent. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41: 793 - 800.
  • 9. Vulture Rescue (May, 2008) http://www.vulturerescue.org External link.
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Cahiers Oiseaux - Bibliographie générale, 4 pages - (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Connaissance et gestion des habitats et des espèces d'intérêt communautaire. Cahiers Oiseaux (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • BirdLife International 2015. Neophron percnopterus
  • Campbell, B., E. Lack. 1985. A Dictionary of Birds. Vermillion, SD: Buteo Books.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • INPN 2003-2014. Fiche descriptive de : Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758), Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Service du Patrimoine naturel.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2006. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Neophron Percnopterus" (On-line). Accessed November 09, 2006 at
  • Jackson, J., W. Bock, D. Olendorf. 2003. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed.. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.
  • Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish (Online source) External link.
  • Mundy, P., D. Butchart, J. Ledger, S. Piper. 1992. The Vultures of Africa. San Diego, CA: Academic Press INC.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Perrins, C., A. Middleton. 1985. The Encyclopedia of Birds. NY: Facts on File.
  • Widensaul, S. 1996. Raptors. NY: Lyons & Buford.


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