The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Adis, J., O. Zompro, E. Moombolah-Goagoses, and E. Marais. 2002. Gladiators: A new order of insect. Scientific American 287:60-65.
  • Adis, Joachim, Oliver Zompro, Esther Moombolah-Goagoses, and Eugène Marais. 2002. Gladiators: A New Order of Insect. Scientific American, vol. 287, no. 5. 60-65
  • Arillo, A., V. M. Ortuño, and A. Nel. 1997. Description of an enigmatic insect from Baltic amber. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 102(1):11-14.
  • Baum, E., C. Dressler, and R. G. Beutel. 2007. Head structures of Karoophasma sp (Hexapoda, Mantophasmatodea) with phylogenetic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 45(2):104-119.
  • Cameron, S. L., S. C. Barker, and M. F. Whiting. 2006. Mitochondrial genomics and the new insect order Mantophasmatodea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(1):274-279.
  • Damgaard, J., K.-D. Klass, M. D. Picker, and G. Buder. 2008. Phylogeny of the Heelwalkers (Insecta: Mantophasmatodea) based on mtDNA sequences, with evidence for additional taxa in South Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47(2):443-462.
  • Damgaard, Jakob, Klaus-Dieter Klass, Mike D. Picker, and Gerda Buder. 2008. Phylogeny of the Heelwalkers (Insecta: Mantophasmatodea) based on mtDNA sequences, with evidence for additional taxa in South Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 47, no. 2. 443-462
  • Engel M.S. and D.A. Grimaldi. 2004. A new rock crawler in Baltic amber, with comments on the order (Mantophasmatodea : Mantophasmatidae). American Museum Novitates 3431: 1-11.
  • Engel, Michael S., and David A. Grimaldi. 2004. A New Rock Crawler in Baltic Amber, with Comments on the Order (Mantophasmatodea: Mantophasmatidae). American Museum Novitates, no. 3431. 11
  • Klass, K.-D. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order? Response. Science 297(5582):U1-U1.
  • Klass, K.-D., M.D. Picker, J. Damgaard, J., S. Van Noort, and K. Tojo, 2003. The Taxonomy, Genitalic Morphology and Phylogenetic Relationships of Southern African Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Entomologische Abhandlungen 61: 3-67.
  • Klass, K.-D., O. Zompro, N. P. Kristensen, et al. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order with extant members in the afrotropics. Science 296(5572):1456-1459.
  • Klass, Klaus D., M. D. Picker, J. Damgaard, S. van Noort, and K. Tojo. 2003. The taxonomy, genitalic morphology, and phylogenetic relationships of southern African Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Entomologische Abhandlungen, vol. 61, no. 1. 3-67
  • Picker, M. D., J. F. Colville, and S. Van Noort. 2002. Mantophasmatodea now in South Africa. Science 297(5586):1475-1475.
  • Terry, M. D. and M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21(3): 240-257.
  • Tilgner, E. 2002. Mantophasmatodea: A new insect order? Science 297(5582):U1-U1.
  • Zompro, O. 2001. The Phasmatodea and Raptophasma n. gen., Orthoptera incertae sedis, in Baltic amber (Insecta: Orthoptera). Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institutes der Universität Hamburg 85:229-261.
  • Zompro, O., J. Adis, and W. Weitschat. 2002. A review of the order Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Zoologischer Anzeiger 241(3):269-279.
  • Zompro, Oliver, Joachim Adis, Philip E. Bragg, Piotr Naskrecki, Kathy Wittneben-Martin, and V. Saxe. 2003. A new genus and species of Mantophasmatidae (Insecta: Mantophasmatodea) from the Branderg Massif, Namibia, with notes on behaviour. Cimbebasia, vol. 19. 13-24


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