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Berothidae is very closely related to the thorny lacewings which are often included in the Berothidae as subfamily "Rhachiberothinae". They are also occasionally considered to be the distinct family Rhachiberothidae or included as a subfamily in the mantidflies. The family consists of 22 genera and 100 living species distributed discontinuously worldwide, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. Eleven extinct genera with a total of thirteen species have been described from the fossil record.
The peculiar genus Lomamyia cannot be robustly assigned to any one subfamily. In addition, a considerable fossil diversity of beaded lacewings is known from the Late Jurassic onwards, containing numerous genera which are likewise basal or incertae sedis:
- Oloberotha Ren & Guo, 1996 (Late Jurassic; China)
- Winterton, S. L. (2010). A new species of Stenobiella Tillyard (Neuroptera, Berothidae) from Australia. ZooKeys 64 1-8.
- Archibald, S.B.; Makarkin, V.N. (2004). "New genus of minute Berothidae (Neuroptera) from Early Eocene amber of British Columbia". The Canadian Entomologist 136 (1): 61–76. doi:10.4039/n03-043.
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