The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arnold, Augusta Foote. 1903. Sea-Beach at Ebb-Tide. New York : Century Co.; Plate XXVII
  • Hoyt, W. D. 1921. Marine Algae of Beaufort, N.C., and Adjacent Regions. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, vol. 36, 1917-1918; Plate CIX-3
  • Wuitner, Emile. 1921. Algues Marines des Cotes de France (Manche et Ocean). Paris, France : Paul Lechevalier. Encyclopedie Pratique du Naturaliste. v.VII; Plate 25


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