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Vagococcus carniphilus (Latin for carnis meaning “meat” and philos meaning love; “meat lover”) is a species of Gram-positive cocci bacteria first described and isolated from ground beef by Shewmaker et al. in 2004 (Shewmaker et al., 2004). Shewmaker et al. (2004) studied type strain 1843-02. A slightly different strain, called ARI 341, of Vagococcus carniphilus has been found in alkaline lake water and sediment in Lonar Lake, India (Joshi et al., 2008; Joshi and Kanekar, 2011). While its main purpose in beef is largely unstudied, it is used for production of extracellular polymeric substances, or exopolysaccharide (EPS) in the alkaline lake water and sediment (Joshi and Kanekar, 2011).


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© Carl Rebhun

Source: Nasonia Symbiont Database

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