IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)

Brief Summary

Read full entry
Pinaceae -- Pine family

    Philip M. McDonald

    Distinct in appearance and conspicuous among its usually shorter  associates, bigcone Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa) provides  contrast and variability to the southern California landscape. The wood of  the species, although suitable for coarse lumber, is scarcely utilized  because the trees are scattered and are more valuable for esthetics and  watershed protection.

    Because the taxonomic characteristics of bigcone Douglas-fir are similar  to those of its northern "cousin," Douglas-fir, it was at least  twice assigned to the genus Abies. Commonly, the species has been  called hemlock, false hemlock, and desert fir. Colloquially, it is often  referred to as bigcone-spruce, probably because its drooping lower  branches, stiff needles, and upright cones remind the observer of the  spruce tree. The species' accepted common name, bigcone Douglas-fir,  stresses its Pseudotsuga lineage and the extraordinary size of its  cones.

    The species has been grown successfully outside the continental United  States. It was unknown in Europe until the seedlings were raised at  Bayfordbury, England, in 1910. Trees also have been reported growing in  Sussex and North Ireland, where they reached heights of more than 18 m (60  ft) and crown spread of 12 m (40 ft) (3).


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

Philip M. McDonald

Source: Silvics of North America

Belongs to 1 community


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!