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BiologyFound on pale sandy substrates in clearwater coastal bays to outer reef lagoons and sandy gutters on reef flats. Often crawls over low stony reef (Ref. 48637). The membranous structure at the tip of the first dorsal fin resembles a small fish or crustacean (possibly a small hippolytid shrimp), authors called the ray the illicium and the structure at the tip as the esca. The illicium waves the esca back and forth near mouth to attract prey. Shows sexual dimorphism in width of the interorbital origin, wider in males than females. Most frequently collected by divers.