The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  •    
       
    1. Adams, Robert P., and Thomas A. Zanoni. 1979. The distribution,  synonomy, and taxonomy of three junipers of southwestern United States  and northern Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 24(2):323-329.
    2.  
    3. American Forestry Association. 1986. National register of big trees.  American Forests 92(4):21-52.
    4.  
    5. Arnold, Joseph F., Donald AL. Jameson, and Elbert H. Reid. 1964. The  pinyon-juniper type of Arizona: effects of grazing, fire, and tree  control. USDA Forest Service, Product Research Report 84. Washington,  DC. 28 p.
    6.  
    7. Aro, Richard S. 1971. Evaluation of pinyon-juniper conversion to  grassland. Journal of Range Management 24(3):188-197.
    8.  
    9. Bailey, D. K. 1987. A study of Pinus subsection Cembroides  1: The single-needle pinyons of the Californias and the Great Basin.  Notes from The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 44(2):275-310.
    10.  
    11. Bailey, Dana K., and Frank G. Hawksworth. 1983. Pinaceae of  the Chihuahuan Desert region. Phytologia. 53(3):226-234.
    12.  
    13. Baker, Jr., Malchus B. 1984. Changes in streamflow in an  herbicide-treated pinyon-juniper watershed in Arizona. Water Resources  Research 20(11):1639-1642.
    14.  
    15. Balda, Russell P. 1987. Avian impacts on pinyon-juniper woodlands.  p. 525-533. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper Conference. Richard L.  Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-215.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p. 
    16.  
    17. Barger, Roland L., and Peter F. Ffolliott. 1972. Physical  characteristics and utilization of major woodland tree species in  Arizona. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper RM-83. Rocky Mountain  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 80 p.
    18.  
    19. Barnes, Fairley J., and G. L. Cunningham. 1987. Water relations and  productivity in pinyon-juniper habitat types. p. 406-411. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper  Conference. Richard L. Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-215. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p.
    20.  
    21. Barney, Milo A., and Neil C. Frischknecht. 1974. Vegetation changes  following fire in the pinyon-juniper type of west-central Utah. Journal  of Range Management 27(2):91-96.
    22.  
    23. Blackburn, Wilbert H., and Paul T. Tueller. 1970. Pinyon and juniper  invasion in black sagebrush communities in east-central Nevada. Ecology  51(5):841-848.
    24.  
    25. Brown, Merle. 1978. Climates of the States, Nevada. In Climates  of the States: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration narrative  summaries, tables, and maps for each State with current tables of  normals, 1941-1970, means and extremes to 1975, overview of State  climatological programs, vol. 2. p. 627-644. Gale Research, Detroit, MI. 
    26.  
    27. Brown, Merle. 1978. Climates of the States, Utah. In Climates  of the States: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration narrative  summaries, tables, and maps for each State with current tables of  normals, 1941-1970, means and extremes to 1975, over-view of State  climatological programs, vol. 2. p. 983-999. Gale Research, Detroit, MI. 
    28.  
    29. Clary, Warren P., Malchus B. Baker, Jr., Paul F. O'Connell, and  others. 1974. Effects of pinyon-juniper removal on natural resource  products and uses in Arizona. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  RM-128. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort  Collins, CO. 28 p.
    30.  
    31. Clendenen, Gary W. 1979. Gross cubic-volume equations and tables,  outside bark, for pinyon and juniper trees in northern New Mexico. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper INT-228. Intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 21 p.
    32.  
    33. Cottam, W. P., and George Stewart. 1940. Plant succession as a result  of grazing and meadow desiccation by erosion since settlement in 1862.  Journal of Forestry 38(8):613-626.
    34.  
    35. Dwyer, Don D., and Rex D. Pieper. 1967. Fire effects on blue  grama-pinyon-juniper rangeland in New Mexico. Journal of Range  Management 20(6):359-362.
    36.  
    37. Everett, Richard L. 1987. Plant response to fire in the  Pinyon-Juniper Zone. p. 152-157. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper  Conference. Richard L. Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-215. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p.
    38.  
    39. Everett, Richard L. 1987. Allelopathic effects of pinyon and juniper  litter on emergence and growth of herbacious species. p. 62-67. In  Proceedings of Symposium "Seed and Seedbed Ecology of Range  Plants". Gary W. Frasier and Raymond A. Evans, comps. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. Washington,  DC. 311 p.
    40.  
    41. Everett, Richard L., Susan Koniak, Jerry D. Body. 1986. Pinyon  seedling distribution among soil surface microsites. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper INT-363. Intermountain Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 3 p.
    42.  
    43. Flake, Harold W., and Daniel T. Jennings. 1974. A cultural control  method for pinyon needle scale. USDA Forest Service Research Note  RM-270. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort  Collins, CO. 4 p.
    44.  
    45. Floyd, Mary Elizabeth. 1983. Dioecy in five Pinus edulis populations  in the southwestern United States. American Midland Naturalist  110(2):405-411.
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    47. Forcella, Frank. 1978. Irregularity of pinyon cone production and its  relation to pinyon cone moth predation. Madroño 25(3):170-172.
    48.  
    49. Foxx, Teralene S., and Gail D. Tierney. 1987. Rooting patterns in the  pinyon-juniper woodland. p. 69-79. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper  Conference. Richard L. Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-215. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p.
    50.  
    51. Frischknecht, Neil C. 1975. Native faunal relationships within the  pinyon-juniper ecosystem. p. 55-65. In The pinyon-juniper  ecosystem: a symposium. Gerald F. Gifford and Frank E. Busby, eds. Utah  State University, College of Natural Resources, Utah Agricultural  Experiment Station, Logan.
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    53. Furniss, R. L. and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington,  DC. 654 p.
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    55. Gagne, Raymond J. 1970. A new genus and new species of Cecidomyiidae  on pinyon pine (Diptera). Entomological News 81(6):153-156.
    56.  
    57. Gottfried, Gerald J. 1989. Personal communication. USDA Forest  Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Flagstaff,  AZ.
    58.  
    59. Gottfried, Gerald J., and L. J. Heidmann. 1986. Effects of cold  stratification and seed coat sterilization treatments on pinyon (Pinus  edulis) germination. p. 38-43. In Proceedings-Conifer Tree  Seed in the Inland Mountain West Symposium. Raymond C. Shearer, comp.  USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-203. Intermountain  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 289 p.
    60.  
    61. Greenwood, Larry R., and Jack D. Brotherson. 1978. Ecological  relationships between pinyon-juniper and true mountain mahogany stands  in the Uintah Basin, Utah. Journal of Range Management 31(3):164-167.
    62.  
    63. Hall, Lisa, and Russell P. Balda. 1988. The role of scrub jays in  pinyon regeneration. Final report: Cooperative agreement number  28-C6-387, Northern Arizona University. USDA Forest Service, Rocky  Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 26 p.
    64.  
    65. Hansen, Richard M., and Richard C. Clark. 1977. Foods of elk and  other ungulates at low elevations in northwestern Colorado. Journal of  Wildlife Management 41(l):76-80.
    66.  
    67. Hansen, R. M., and B. L. Deardon. 1975. Winter foods of mule deer in  Piceance Basin, Colorado. Journal of Range Management 28(4):298-300.
    68.  
    69. Harrington, Michael G. 1987. Characteristics of 1-year-old natural  pinyon seedlings. USDA Forest Service, Research Note RM-477. Rocky  Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 4 p.
    70.  
    71. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386.  Washington, DC. 658 p.
    72.  
    73. Hessary, Iradj K., and G. F. Gifford. 1979. Impact of various range  improvement practices on watershed protective cover and annual  production within the Colorado River Basin. Journal of Range Management  32(2):134-140.
    74.  
    75. Howell, Joseph, Jr. 1940. Pinyon and juniper: a preliminary study of  volume, growth and yield. U.S. Soil Conservation Service Region 8,  Bulletin 71; U.S. Forest Service Region 3, Bulletin 12. Albuquerque, NM.  90 p.
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    77. Jameson, D. A. 1970. Degradation and accumulation of inhibitory  substances from Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little. Plant and  Soil 33:213-224.
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    79. Jameson, Donald A., John A. Williams, and Eugene W. Wilton. 1962.  Vegetation and soils of Fishtail Mesa, Arizona. Ecology 43(3):403-410.
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    81. Johnsen, Thomas N. 1962. One-seed juniper invasion of northern  Arizona grasslands. Ecological Monographs 32(3):187-207.
    82.  
    83. Jurwitz, Louis R., and Paul C. Kangieser. 1978. Climates of the  States, Arizona. In Climates of the States: National Oceanic and  Atmospheric Administration narrative summaries, tables, and maps for  each State with current tables of normals, 1941-1970, means and extremes  to 1975, overview of State climatological programs, vol. 1. p. 48-67.  Gale Research, Detroit, MI.
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    85. Klopatek, Jeffrey M. 1987. Nutrient patterns and succession in  pinyon-juniper ecosystems of northern Arizona. p. 391-396. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper  Conference. Richard L. Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-215. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p.
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    87. Lanner, Ronald M. 1975. Piñon pines and junipers of the  southwestern woodlands. p. 1-17. In The pinyon-juniper  ecosystem: a symposium. Gerald F. Gifford and Frank E. Busby, eds. Utah  State University, College of Natural Resources, Utah Agricultural  Experiment Station, Logan.
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    89. Leonard, S. G., R. L. Miles, H. A. Summerfield. 1987. Soils of the  pinyon-juniper woodlands. p. 227-230. In Proceedings-Pinyon-juniper  Conference. Richard L. Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report INT-215. Intermountain Forest Range Experiment Station,  Ogden, UT. 581 p.
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    91. Ligon, J. David. 1978. Reproductive interdependence of piñon  jays and piñon pines. Ecological Monographs 48(2):111-126.
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    93. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1968. Two new pinyon varieties from Arizona.  Phytologia 17(4):329-342.
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    95. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees, vol. 1.  Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Miscellaneous Publication 1146. Washington, DC. 9 p., 313 maps.
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    97. Little, Elbert L. 1977. Research in the pinyon-juniper woodland. In  Proceedings, Workshop on Ecology, Uses, and Management of  Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands. p. 8-19. Earl F. Aldon and Thomas J. Loring,  tech. coords. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-39. Rocky  Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.
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    99. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native  and naturalized). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  541. Washington, DC. 375 p.
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    101. Markwardt, L. J. 1930. Comparative strength properties of woods grown  in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin  158. Washington, DC. 38 p.
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    103. Moir, W. H., and J. 0. Carleton. 1987. Classification of  pinyon-juniper (P-J) sites on National Forests in the Southwest. p.  216-226. In Proceedings-Pinyon-Juniper Conference. Richard L.  Everett, comp. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-215.  Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 581 p.
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    105. Riffle, Jerry W. 1968. Plant-parasitic nematodes in marginal Pinus  ponderosa stands in central New Mexico. Plant Disease Reporter  52(l):52-55.
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    107. Riffle, J. W., and H. W. Springfield. 1968. Hydrogen peroxide  increases germination and reduces microflora on seed of several  southwestern woody species. Forest Science 14(l):96-101.
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    109. Rippel, Paul, Rex D. Pieper, and Gordon A. Lymbery. 1983.  Vegetational evaluation of pinyon-juniper cabling in southcentral New  Mexico. Journal of Range Management 36(l):13-15.
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    111. Schott, M. R., and R. D. Pieper. 1987. Succession of Pinyon-juniper  communities after mechanical disturbance in southcentral New Mexico.  Journal of Range Management 40(l):88-94.
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    113. Schuler, Thomas M., and Frederick W. Smith. 1988. Effect of species  mix on size/density and leaf-area relations in southwest pinyon/juniper  woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management 25(3,4):211-220.
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    115. Scott, Virgil E., and Erwin L. Boeker. 1977. Responses of Merriam's  turkey to pinyon-juniper control. Journal of Range Management  30(3):220-223.
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    117. Sellers, William D., and Richard H. Hill. 1974. Arizona climate  1931-1972. 2d ed. University of Arizona Press, Tuscon. 616 p.
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    119. Severson, Keith E. 1986. Woody plant reestablishment in modified  pinyon-juniper woodlands, New Mexico. Journal of Range Management  39(5):438-442.
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    125. Stevens, Robert E., J. Wayne Brewer, and Daniel T. Jennings. 1978.  Life history and habits of Coleotechnites edulicola (Gelechiidae),  a pinyon needle miner in the Southwest. Journal of Lepidopterists'  Society 32(2):123-129.
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    127. Tausch, Robin J., and Paul T. Tueller. 1977. Plant succession  following chaining of pinyon-juniper woodlands in eastern Nevada.  Journal of Range Management 30(l):44-49.
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    139. Vander Wall, Stephen B., and Russell P. Balda 1977. Coadaption of the  Clark's nutcracker and the pifion pine for efficient seed harvest and  dispersal. Ecological Monographs 47(l):89-111.
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    151. Williams, Gerald, Gerald F. Gifford, and George S. Coltharp. 1969.  Infiltrometer studies on treated vs. untreated pinyon-juniper sites in  central Utah. Journal of Range Management 22(2):110-114.
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