/ Vola odorata / Wood violet (Sweet violet, English violet, Common violet) / / Duftveilchen
Viola odorata is a native to Europe and Asia, but has also been introduced to North America and Australia.Violet is used as a fragrant essential oil, medicinal, melliferous and ornamental plant. The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates, the Roman writer and scholar Pliny the Elder, the Arab scientist Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna), and others mentioned on its medicinal properties in their writings. The essential oil (Oil Violet scented) from the flowers, leaves and roots is used in perfumery to produce upper class spirits. There are many legends and stories about violet . The ancient Greeks was considered it as the flower of sadness, and at the same time was a symbol of the awakening of nature. In southern Germany, in it's honor the first spring flower festivals were held - day of spring. Goethe was a passionate admirer of fragrant violets. He does not just love violets, but engaged in his original way of breeding. So, going for a walk around the neighborhood of his home in Weimar, he always took with him a bag of seeds of these flowers, and plated them in all the appropriate places. As a result, during the life of the poet Weimar suburbs lawns were covered with blooming violets, which the Germans still called "flowers of Goethe." , . , , . , , () . ( ) , . . , . . . . . , . , , . , , .