Discosea

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Discosea is a class of Amoebozoa, consisting of naked amoebae with a flattened, discoid body shape.[1] Members of the group do not produce tubular or subcylindrical pseudopodia, like amoebae of the class Tubulinea. When a discosean is in motion, a transparent layer called hyaloplasm forms at the leading edge of the cell (see lamelliopodium). In some discoseans, short "subpseudopodia" may be extended from this hyaloplasm, but the granular contents of the cell do not flow into these, as in true pseudopodia. Discosean amoebae lack hard shells, but some, like Cochliopodium and Korotnevella secrete intricate organic scales which may cover the upper (dorsal) surface of the cell. No species have flagella or flagellated stages of life.[3][4]

The composition of Discosea is similar to that of the class Flabellinea, proposed by Alexey Smirnov and his collaborators in 2005.[5] However, Discosea is a more comprehensive taxon, including several groups not included in Flabellinea.[6] In 2011, Smirnov et al. accepted Discosea as a class, and reduced Flabellinea to the rank of a subclass with the name Flabellinia.[3]

Taxonomy

Class Discosea Cavalier-Smith 2004 stat. nov. Adl et al. 2018[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Cavalier-Smith, Thomas; Chao, Ema E. -Y.; Oates, Brian (2004-05-18). "Molecular phylogeny of Amoebozoa and the evolutionary significance of the unikont Phalansterium". European Journal of Protistology. 40 (1): 21–48. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2003.10.001.
  2. ^ Kang S, Tice AK, Spiegel FW, Silberman JD, Pánek T, Cepicka I, et al. (September 2017). "Between a Pod and a Hard Test: The Deep Evolution of Amoebae". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 34 (9): 2258–2270. doi:10.1093/molbev/msx162. PMC 5850466. PMID 28505375.
  3. ^ a b Smirnov, Alexey V.; Chao, Ema; Nassonova, Elena S.; Cavalier-Smith, Thomas (2011-10-01). "A revised classification of naked lobose amoebae (Amoebozoa: lobosa)". Protist. 162 (4): 545–570. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2011.04.004. ISSN 1618-0941. PMID 21798804.
  4. ^ Adl, Sina M.; Simpson, Alastair G. B.; Lane, Christopher E.; Lukeš, Julius; Bass, David; Bowser, Samuel S.; Brown, Matthew W.; Burki, Fabien; Dunthorn, Micah (2012-09-01). "The revised classification of eukaryotes". The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 59 (5): 429–493. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2012.00644.x. ISSN 1550-7408. PMC 3483872. PMID 23020233.
  5. ^ Smirnov, Alexey; Nassonova, Elena; Berney, Cédric; Fahrni, José; Bolivar, Ignacio; Pawlowski, Jan (2005-08-01). "Molecular phylogeny and classification of the lobose amoebae". Protist. 156 (2): 129–142. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2005.06.002. ISSN 1434-4610. PMID 16171181.
  6. ^ "Catalogue of Organisms: Discosea: Keeping a Low Profile". coo.fieldofscience.com. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
  7. ^ Adl, Sina M.; Bass, David; Lane, Christopher E.; Lukeš, Julius; Schoch, Conrad L.; Smirnov, Alexey; Agatha, Sabine; Berney, Cedric; Brown, Matthew W. (2018-09-26). "Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 66 (1): 4–119. doi:10.1111/jeu.12691. PMC 6492006. PMID 30257078.

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Discosea: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Discosea is a class of Amoebozoa, consisting of naked amoebae with a flattened, discoid body shape. Members of the group do not produce tubular or subcylindrical pseudopodia, like amoebae of the class Tubulinea. When a discosean is in motion, a transparent layer called hyaloplasm forms at the leading edge of the cell (see lamelliopodium). In some discoseans, short "subpseudopodia" may be extended from this hyaloplasm, but the granular contents of the cell do not flow into these, as in true pseudopodia. Discosean amoebae lack hard shells, but some, like Cochliopodium and Korotnevella secrete intricate organic scales which may cover the upper (dorsal) surface of the cell. No species have flagella or flagellated stages of life.

The composition of Discosea is similar to that of the class Flabellinea, proposed by Alexey Smirnov and his collaborators in 2005. However, Discosea is a more comprehensive taxon, including several groups not included in Flabellinea. In 2011, Smirnov et al. accepted Discosea as a class, and reduced Flabellinea to the rank of a subclass with the name Flabellinia.

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Acanthamoeba sp.

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Thecamoeba sp.

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Mayorella (Amoebozoa, Discosea)

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Flabellinia

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The Flabellinia are a subclass of Amoebozoa. During locomotion the cells are flattened and have a clear layer called hyaloplasm along the front margin. Some form slender subpseudopodia projecting outward from the hyaloplasm, but the cell mass does not flow into these as in true pseudopodia, and advances without a definite central axis as in the Tubulinea. They also lack distinctive features like shells and flagella, and are united mainly by evidence from molecular trees.

The group was originally created by Alexey Smirnov and his coauthors as the class Flabellinea, which was similar in composition to the group Discosea, proposed by Cavalier-Smith et al. (2004).[2] In 2011, Smirnov accepted Discosea as a class and reduced Flabellinea to the rank of a subclass, with the name Flabellinia.[3]

References

  1. ^ Smirnov A, Nassonova E, Berney C, Fahrni J, Bolivar I, Pawlowski J (August 2005). "Molecular phylogeny and classification of the lobose amoebae". Protist. 156 (2): 129–42. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2005.06.002. PMID 16171181.
  2. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T.; Chao, E-Y; Oates, B. (2004). "Molecular phylogeny of the Amoebozoa and evolutionary significance of the unikont Phalansterium". European Journal of Protistology. 40: 21–48. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2003.10.001.
  3. ^ Smirnov, Alexey V.; Chao, Ema; Nassonova, Elena S.; Cavalier-Smith, Thomas (2011-10-01). "A revised classification of naked lobose amoebae (Amoebozoa: lobosa)". Protist. 162 (4): 545–570. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2011.04.004. ISSN 1618-0941. PMID 21798804.

 title=
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Flabellinia: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Flabellinia are a subclass of Amoebozoa. During locomotion the cells are flattened and have a clear layer called hyaloplasm along the front margin. Some form slender subpseudopodia projecting outward from the hyaloplasm, but the cell mass does not flow into these as in true pseudopodia, and advances without a definite central axis as in the Tubulinea. They also lack distinctive features like shells and flagella, and are united mainly by evidence from molecular trees.

The group was originally created by Alexey Smirnov and his coauthors as the class Flabellinea, which was similar in composition to the group Discosea, proposed by Cavalier-Smith et al. (2004). In 2011, Smirnov accepted Discosea as a class and reduced Flabellinea to the rank of a subclass, with the name Flabellinia.

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