Cistus creticus

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Cistus creticus (pink rock-rose, hoary rock-rose) is a species of shrubby plant in the family Cistaceae. Though it usually has pink flowers, of 4.5–5 cm diameter, this species is very variable. It is widely known as a decorative plant. It is frequently called "Cistus incanus". (The true Cistus × incanus is the hybrid C. albidus × C. crispus.[1])

Taxonomy

The name Cistus creticus was first used by Carl Linnaeus in 1762.[2] Confusion exists between this name and one published earlier by Linnaeus, Cistus incanus. As used by many authors, but not Linnaeus, the name "C. incanus" is taken to refer to Cistus creticus, particularly C. creticus subsp. eriocephalus.[3]

Subtaxa

  • Cistus creticus subsp. creticus
  • Cistus creticus subsp. corsicus (syn. Cistus × incanus subsp. corsicus)
  • Cistus creticus subsp. eriocephalus[4]
  • Cistus creticus f. albus

There are also several well-known cultivars, such as 'Lasithi' with compact, rounded flowers.

Phylogeny

Cistus creticus belongs to the clade of species with purple and pink flowers (the "purple pink clade" or PPC), in a subclade with C. heterophyllus and C. albidus.

Species-level cladogram of Cistus species.    

Halimium spp.

    PPC

Cistus crispus

   

Cistus asper

   

Cistus chinamadensis

   

Cistus horrens

   

Cistus ocreatus

   

Cistus osbeckiifolius

   

Cistus palmensis

   

Cistus symphytifolius

     

Cistus heterophyllus

   

Cistus albidus

   

Cistus creticus

             

Halimium spp.

    WWPC

Cistus clusii

   

Cistus munbyi

     

Cistus inflatus

   

Cistus ladanifer

   

Cistus laurifolius

   

Cistus libanotis

   

Cistus monspeliensis

   

Cistus parviflorus

   

Cistus populifolius

   

Cistus pouzolzii

   

Cistus salviifolius

   

Cistus sintenisii

       
Purple
Pink
Clade
White
Whitish Pink
Clade
Species-level cladogram of Cistus species, based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences.[5][1][6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b Guzmán, B. & Vargas, P. (2005), "Systematics, character evolution, and biogeography of Cistus L. (Cistaceae) based on ITS, trnL-trnF, and matK sequences", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37 (3): 644–660, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.04.026, PMID 16055353, p. 646
  2. ^ "Cistus creticus", The Plant List, retrieved 2015-03-01
  3. ^ "Cistus creticus subsp. eriocephalus", The Plant List, retrieved 2015-03-01
  4. ^ "Cistus creticus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  5. ^ Guzmán, B. & Vargas, P. (2009). "Historical biogeography and character evolution of Cistaceae (Malvales) based on analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-trnF sequences". Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 9 (2): 83–99. doi:10.1016/j.ode.2009.01.001.
  6. ^ Guzman, B.; Lledo, M.D. & Vargas, P. (2009). "Adaptive Radiation in Mediterranean Cistus (Cistaceae)". PLOS ONE. 4 (7): e6362. Bibcode:2009PLoSO...4.6362G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006362. PMC 2719431. PMID 19668338.
  7. ^ Civeyrel, Laure; Leclercq, Julie; Demoly, Jean-Pierre; Agnan, Yannick; Quèbre, Nicolas; Pélissier, Céline & Otto, Thierry (2011), "Molecular systematics, character evolution, and pollen morphology of Cistus and Halimium (Cistaceae)", Plant Systematics and Evolution, 295 (1–4): 23–54, doi:10.1007/s00606-011-0458-7, S2CID 21995828

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Cistus creticus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cistus creticus (pink rock-rose, hoary rock-rose) is a species of shrubby plant in the family Cistaceae. Though it usually has pink flowers, of 4.5–5 cm diameter, this species is very variable. It is widely known as a decorative plant. It is frequently called "Cistus incanus". (The true Cistus × incanus is the hybrid C. albidus × C. crispus.)

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cc-by-sa-3.0
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