Scutigera

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Scutigera is a centipede genus in the family Scutigeridae.

Member of the genus have pseudofaceted eyes. This type of eye consists of a cluster of numerous ocelli on each side of the head, organised in a way that resembles a true compound eye, a type of eye found in arthropods. Most myriapods bear stemmata - that is, single lensed eyes which evolved by the reduction of a compound eye. However, the genus Scutigera has secondarily re-evolved a compound eye composed of repeated stemmata.[1] These appear to grow in rows which are inserted between existing rows of ocelli.

Species

Extant species

Fossil species

References

  1. ^ Paulus, H.F. (2000), "Phylogeny of the Myriapoda-Crustacea-Insecta: a new attempt using photoreceptor structure*", Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research, 38 (3): 189–208, doi:10.1046/j.1439-0469.2000.383152.x
  2. ^ a b "Fossilworks: Scutigera". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  • Lamarck J.-B., 1801. "Système des animaux sans vertebres". Paris, Deterville VIII + 432 pp., see p. 182.
  • Würmli, M., 1977. "Zur Systematik der Gattung Scutigera (Chilopoda: Scutigeridae)". Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg N.F. 20: 123-131, see p. 123.

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Scutigera: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Scutigera is a centipede genus in the family Scutigeridae.

Member of the genus have pseudofaceted eyes. This type of eye consists of a cluster of numerous ocelli on each side of the head, organised in a way that resembles a true compound eye, a type of eye found in arthropods. Most myriapods bear stemmata - that is, single lensed eyes which evolved by the reduction of a compound eye. However, the genus Scutigera has secondarily re-evolved a compound eye composed of repeated stemmata. These appear to grow in rows which are inserted between existing rows of ocelli.

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