Description of Stemonitis

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A genus with over 20 species; the most common and cosmopolitan species are S. fusca Roth, S. splendens Rost., and S. axifera (Bull.) Macbride, which occur on decaying wood on ground sites.
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Stemonitis

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Stemonitis is a distinctive genus of slime moulds found throughout the world (except Antarctica). They are characterised by the tall brown sporangia, supported on slender stalks, which grow in clusters on rotting wood.[2] The genus was first described by German botanist Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch in 1753. A 2014 estimate suggests that there are 18 species in the genus.[3] Identification within the genus is difficult, and can only be performed with confidence using a microscope or by DNA sequencing. A fossil specimen is known from the Mid Cretaceous (99 ma) Burmese amber.[4]

Species

The following species are accepted by Species Fungorum:[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Genus Record Details: Stemonitis Gled., Method. Fung.: 140 (1753)". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  2. ^ Gary Emberger (2008). "Stemonitis sp". Messiah College. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Doğan HH, Eroğlu G (2014). "A new Stemonitis species from Turkey". Mycotaxon. 129 (2): 293–296. doi:10.5248/129.293.
  4. ^ Rikkinen, Jouko; Grimaldi, David A.; Schmidt, Alexander R. (December 2019). "Morphological stasis in the first myxomycete from the Mesozoic, and the likely role of cryptobiosis". Scientific Reports. 9 (1): 19730. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55622-9. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 6930221. PMID 31874965.
  5. ^ "Stemonitis". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved April 12, 2012.

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Stemonitis: Brief Summary

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Stemonitis is a distinctive genus of slime moulds found throughout the world (except Antarctica). They are characterised by the tall brown sporangia, supported on slender stalks, which grow in clusters on rotting wood. The genus was first described by German botanist Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch in 1753. A 2014 estimate suggests that there are 18 species in the genus. Identification within the genus is difficult, and can only be performed with confidence using a microscope or by DNA sequencing. A fossil specimen is known from the Mid Cretaceous (99 ma) Burmese amber.

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