Definition: Appendix I lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research. In these exceptional cases, trade may take place provided it is authorized by the granting of both an import permit and an export permit (or re-export certificate). Article VII of the Convention provides for a number of exemptions to this general prohibition.
Definition: secondary vascular tissues with large amounts of softer storage cells (i.e. parenchyma) mixed with the wood or xylem cells. The stems of these plants are softer than the wood of trees we use for lumber.