dcsimg

Trogulidae

provided by wikipedia EN

Trogulidae is a family of harvestmen with 5 genera and 57 extant species and one fossil species.

Members of this species have short legs and live in soil. They have dirt attached to their bodies, to escape predators. Their body length ranges from 2 to 22 mm. The body is in most genera somewhat flattened and leathery. Adults have a small hood, which hides their short chelicerae and pedipalps.[1]

Distribution

Members of this family occur in western and southern Europe, up to western North Africa and the Levant, the Caucasus and northern Iran. Trogulus tricarinatus, a predator of terrestrial snails, has been introduced to eastern North America.[1]

Name

The derivation of the name of the type genus, Trogulus, is not fully understood. The describer Latreille wrote that he named it because it looks like a monkshood. Perrier (1929) however derived the name from Ancient Greek trogein "gnawing", because of the rough, "gnawed-upon" appearance.[1]

Species[2][3]

  • Calathocratus africanus (H. Lucas, 1847) (southern Europe, Algeria)
  • Calathocratus beieri Gruber, 1968
  • Calathocratus caucasicus (Šilhavý, 1966)
  • Calathocratus hirsutus Snegovaya, 2011
  • Calathocratus intermedius Roewer, 1940 (Crete)
  • Calathocratus kyrghyzicus (Chemeris, 2013)
  • Calathocratus minutus Snegovaya, 2011
  • Calathocratus rhodiensis (Gruber, 1963)
  • Calathocratus singularis (Roewer, 1940)
  • Calathocratus sinuosus (Sørensen, 1873)

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Gruber, Jürgen (2007): Trogulidae Sundevall, 1833. In: Pinto-da-Rocha et al. 2007: 157ff
  2. ^ "A taxonomic catalogue of the Dyspnoi Hansen and Sørensen, 1904 (Arachnida: Opiliones)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  3. ^ Chemeris, A.N. (2013) Two new harvestman species (Arachnida: Opiliones) from the collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Arthropoda Selecta

References

  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog: Trogulidae
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (eds.) (2007): Harvestmen - The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-02343-9
 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Trogulidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Trogulidae is a family of harvestmen with 5 genera and 57 extant species and one fossil species.

Members of this species have short legs and live in soil. They have dirt attached to their bodies, to escape predators. Their body length ranges from 2 to 22 mm. The body is in most genera somewhat flattened and leathery. Adults have a small hood, which hides their short chelicerae and pedipalps.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN