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Spinycheek Crayfish

Orconectes (Faxonius) limosus (Rafinesque 1817)

Comprehensive Description

provided by Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
Orconectes (Faxonius) limosus (Rafinesque)

Astacus limosus Rafinesque, 1817:42.

Astacus affinis Say, 1817:168. [Types, not extant. Type locality, Delaware River.]

Astacus (Cambarus) affinis.—Erichson, 1846:96.

Cambarus Pealei Girard, 1852:87. [Syntypes, USNM 2081 (2 male I, 2 female). Type locality, Potomac River at Washington, D.C.]

Cambarus affinis.—Girard, 1852:87.

Astacus (Astacus) affinis.—Herklots, 1861:144.

Cambarus (Faxonius) limosus.—Ortmann, 1905c:107.—Fowler, 1912:353, pls. 104, 105.

Cambarus limosus.—Ortmann, 1905c:107.

Cambarus pealei.—Ortmann, 1906b:352.

Faxonius limosus.—Creaser, 1933a:3 [by implication]; 1962:2 [by implication].

Faxonius (Faxonius) limosus.—Creaser, 1933b:21 [by implication].

Orconectes limosus.—Hobbs 1942a:352 [by implication]; 1948a:20, fig. 22; 1974b:33, fig. 103.—Fitzpatrick, 1963:61 [by implication].

Orconectes (Orconectes) limosus.—Hobbs, 1942b:154 [by implication].

Faxonius affinis.—Hobbs, 1942c:55.

Orconects limosus.—Lewis, 1955:146 [erroneous spelling].

Orconectes affinis.—Holthuis, 1956:228.

Orconectes limosa.—Mobberly, 1963:80 [erroneous spelling].

Camburus affinis.—Bcescu, 1967:218 [erroneous spelling].

Orconetes limosus.—Avault, 1973:242 [erroneous spelling].

Orconeotes limosus.—Unestam, 1973:4 [erroneous spelling].

Oroncestes limosus.—Wielgus, 1973:119 [erroneous spelling].

Orconectes limnosus.—Ingle and Thomas, 1974:525 [erroneous spelling].

Orconectes limusus.—Reynolds, 1979:57 [erroneous spelling].

Orconelctes limosus.—Brodsky, 1981:122 [erroneous spelling].

Orconectes Limosus.—D.G. Smith, 1981a:169 [lapsus].

Orconectes (Faxonius) limosus.—Fitzpatrick, 1987a:53, fig. 4.

TYPES.—Not known to exist.

TYPE LOCALITY.—Delaware River near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

RANGE.—The Atlantic watershed from Maine to the lower James River in Virginia. Introduced into western Europe.

HABITAT.—Streams.
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bibliographic citation
Hobbs, Horton Holcombe, Jr. 1989. "An Illustrated Checklist of the American Crayfishes (Decapoda, Astacidae, Cambaridae, Parastacidae)." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 1-236. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.480

Comprehensive Description

provided by Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
Orconectes limosus, (Rafinesque)

Astacus litnosus Rafinesque, 1817:42.

Astacus affinis Say, 1817:168. [Type unknown. Type-locality, Delaware River.]

Astacus (Cambarus) affinis.—Erichson, 1846:96.

Cambarus Pealei Girard, 1852:87. [Syntypes, USNM 2081 (2 I, 2 ). Type-locality, Potomac River at Washington, D.C.]

Cambarus affinis.—Girard, 1852:87.

Cambarus (Faxonius) limosus.—Ortmann, 1905c: 107.—Fowler, 1912:353, pls. 104, 105.

Cambarus limosus.—Ortmann, 1905c: 107.

Faxonius limosus.—Creaser, 1933a:3 [by implication]; 1962:2 [by implication].

Faxonius (Faxonius) limosus.—Creaser, 193Sb:21 [by implication].

Orconectes limosus.—Hobbs, 1942a:352 [by implication]; 1948a:20, fig. 22.—Fitzpatrick, 1963:61 [by implication].

Orconectes (Orconectes) limosus.—Hobbs, 1942b: 154 [by implication].

Faxonius affinis.—Hobbs, 1942c:55.

Orconectes limosa.—Mobberly, 1963:80 [erroneous spelling].

Camburus affinis.—Bacescu, 1967:218 [erroneous spelling].

Orconetes limosus.—Avault, 1973:242 [erroneous spelling].

TYPES.—Not known to exist.

TYPE-LOCALITY.—Delaware River near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

RANGE.—The Atlantic watershed from Maine to the lower James River in Virginia. Introduced into western Europe.

HABITAT.—Streams.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
bibliographic citation
Hobbs, Horton Holcombe, Jr. 1974. "A Checklist of the North and Middle American Crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacidae and Cambaridae)." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 1-161. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.166

Orconectes limosus

provided by wikipedia EN

Faxonius limosus is a species of crayfish in the family Cambaridae. It is native to the east coast of North America, from Maine to the lower James River, Virginia, but has also been introduced to Europe.[2] It is known commonly as the spinycheek crayfish.[1]

It is unusual in that it lives in silty streams, rather than the clear water usually preferred by crayfish.[3] Like Pacifastacus leniusculus, another invasive North American crayfish, F. limosus carries crayfish plague and is a threat to native European crayfish.[4][5]

F. limosus was introduced to Germany in 1890, and has since spread across much of Northern Europe, recently reaching the United Kingdom.[4] It has also spread southwards as far as the Danube in Serbia.[6]

In Europe, F. limosus is included since 2016 in the list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (the Union list).[7] This implies that this species cannot be imported, bred, transported, commercialized, or intentionnaly released into the environment in the whole of the European Union.[8]

Faxonius limosus can reproduce sexually or by parthenogenesis.[9] Lobsters and Crayfish are decapods meaning that they have 10 legs. 2 of them are claws. These Crayfish live on the bottom of the freshwater pools, such as lakes, ponds and swamps. They prefer flat, sandy, and rocky floors. They are also found outside the water on beaches or lawns near the pool of water. They use rocks to make burrows while in the water. This is a very common species of crayfish, especially on Northeast United States, and Southeast Canada.

References

  1. ^ a b Adams, S., Schuster, G.A. & Taylor, C.A. 2010. Faxonius limosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010. Downloaded on 16 June 2016.
  2. ^ James W. Fetzner Jr. (December 6, 2006). "Orconectes (Faxonius) limosus (Rafinesque, 1817)". Crayfish Taxon Browser. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  3. ^ Whitney Stocker. "Orconectes (Faxonus) limosus (Rafinesque, 1817)". Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  4. ^ a b David Holdich & John Black (2007). "The spiny-cheek crayfish, Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque, 1817) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Cambaridae), digs into the UK" (PDF). Aquatic Invasions. 2 (1): 1–16. doi:10.3391/ai.2007.2.1.1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28.
  5. ^ Bonelli, Marco; Manenti, Raoul; Scaccini, Davide (2017). "Mountain protected areas as refuges for threatened freshwater species: the detrimental effect of the direct introduction of alien species". eco.mont (Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research). 9 (2): 23–29. doi:10.1553/eco.mont-9-2s23. ISSN 2073-106X.
  6. ^ S. Pavlović; S. Milošević; S. Borković; V. Simić; M. Paunović; R. Žikić; Z. Saičić (2006). "A report of Orconectes (Faxonius) limosus (Rafinesque, 1817) (Crustacea: Deacpoda: Astacidea: Cambaridae: Orconectes: subgenus Faxonius) in the Serbian part of the River Danube". Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 20 (1): 53–56. doi:10.1080/13102818.2006.10817304. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
  7. ^ "List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern - Environment - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  8. ^ "REGULATION (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European parliament and of the council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species".
  9. ^ M Buřič; M Hulák; A Kouba; A Petrusek; P Kozák (2011). "successful crayfish invader is capable of facultative parthenogenesis: a novel reproductive mode in decapod crustaceans". PLoS ONE. 6 (5): e20281. Bibcode:2011PLoSO...620281B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020281. PMC 3105005. PMID 21655282.

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Orconectes limosus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Faxonius limosus is a species of crayfish in the family Cambaridae. It is native to the east coast of North America, from Maine to the lower James River, Virginia, but has also been introduced to Europe. It is known commonly as the spinycheek crayfish.

It is unusual in that it lives in silty streams, rather than the clear water usually preferred by crayfish. Like Pacifastacus leniusculus, another invasive North American crayfish, F. limosus carries crayfish plague and is a threat to native European crayfish.

F. limosus was introduced to Germany in 1890, and has since spread across much of Northern Europe, recently reaching the United Kingdom. It has also spread southwards as far as the Danube in Serbia.

In Europe, F. limosus is included since 2016 in the list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (the Union list). This implies that this species cannot be imported, bred, transported, commercialized, or intentionnaly released into the environment in the whole of the European Union.

Faxonius limosus can reproduce sexually or by parthenogenesis. Lobsters and Crayfish are decapods meaning that they have 10 legs. 2 of them are claws. These Crayfish live on the bottom of the freshwater pools, such as lakes, ponds and swamps. They prefer flat, sandy, and rocky floors. They are also found outside the water on beaches or lawns near the pool of water. They use rocks to make burrows while in the water. This is a very common species of crayfish, especially on Northeast United States, and Southeast Canada.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN